Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Psalms 80:1


For the music director; according to the shushan-eduth style; 2  a psalm of Asaph. O shepherd of Israel, pay attention, you who lead Joseph like a flock of sheep! You who sit enthroned above the winged angels, 3  reveal your splendor! 4 


Ex 25:20-22; De 33:2; 1Sa 4:4; 2Sa 6:2; 2Ki 19:15; Job 10:3; Ps 5:1; Ps 23:1,2; Ps 45:1; Ps 50:2; Ps 55:1; Ps 60:1; Ps 69:1; Ps 77:20; Ps 78:52; Ps 80:3,7,19; Ps 94:1; Ps 99:1; Isa 40:11; Isa 49:9,10; Isa 60:1; Isa 63:11; Eze 1:13; Eze 10:4; Eze 34:23; Eze 43:2; Da 9:17; Joh 10:3,4; Joh 10:14; Heb 13:20; 1Pe 2:25; 1Pe 5:4; Re 21:23

NET © Notes

sn Psalm 80. The psalmist laments Israel’s demise and asks the Lord to show favor toward his people, as he did in earlier times.

tn The Hebrew expression shushan-eduth means “lily of the testimony.” It may refer to a particular music style or to a tune title. See the superscription to Ps 60.

sn Winged angels (Heb “cherubs”). Cherubs, as depicted in the OT, possess both human and animal (lion, ox, and eagle) characteristics (see Ezek 1:10; 10:14, 21; 41:18). They are pictured as winged creatures (Exod 25:20; 37:9; 1 Kgs 6:24-27; Ezek 10:8, 19) and serve as the very throne of God when the ark of the covenant is in view (Ps 99:1; see Num 7:89; 1 Sam 4:4; 2 Sam 6:2; 2 Kgs 19:15). The picture of the Lord seated on the cherubs suggests they might be used by him as a vehicle, a function they carry out in Ezek 1:22-28 (the “living creatures” mentioned here are identified as cherubs in Ezek 10:20). In Ps 18:10 the image of a cherub serves to personify the wind.

tn Heb “shine forth.”

sn Reveal your splendor. The psalmist may allude to Deut 33:2, where God “shines forth” from Sinai and comes to superintend Moses’ blessing of the tribes.

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