Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Isaiah 61:3


to strengthen those who mourn in Zion, by giving them a turban, instead of ashes, oil symbolizing joy, 1  instead of mourning, a garment symbolizing praise, 2  instead of discouragement. 3  They will be called oaks of righteousness, 4  trees planted by the Lord to reveal his splendor. 5 


Es 4:1-3; Es 8:15; Es 9:22; Ps 23:5; Ps 30:11; Ps 45:7; Ps 92:12-15; Ps 104:15; Ec 9:8; Isa 12:1; Isa 60:21; Isa 61:10; Jer 17:7,8; Eze 16:8-13; Zec 3:5; Mt 5:16; Mt 7:17-19; Lu 15:22; Joh 15:8; Joh 16:20; 1Co 6:20; Php 1:11; 2Th 1:10; 1Pe 2:9; 1Pe 4:9-11,14; Re 7:9-14

NET © Notes

tn Heb “oil of joy” (KJV, ASV); NASB, NIV, NRSV “the oil of gladness.”

tn Heb “garment of praise.”

tn Heb “a faint spirit” (so NRSV); KJV, ASV “the spirit of heaviness”; NASB “a spirit of fainting.”

tn Rather than referring to the character of the people, צֶדֶק (tsedeq) may carry the nuance “vindication” here, suggesting that God’s restored people are a testimony to his justice. See v. 2, which alludes to the fact that God will take vengeance against the enemies of his people. Cf. NAB “oaks of justice.”

tn Heb “a planting of the Lord to reveal splendor.”

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