Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Genesis 1:16


God made two great lights 1  – the greater light to rule over the day and the lesser light to rule over the night. He made the stars also. 2 


De 4:19; Jos 10:12-14; Job 31:26; Job 38:7; Ps 8:3; Ps 19:6; Ps 74:16; Ps 136:7,8,9; Ps 148:3,5; Isa 13:10; Isa 24:23; Isa 45:7; Hab 3:11; Mt 24:29; Mt 27:45; 1Co 15:41; Re 16:8,9; Re 21:23

NET © Notes

sn Two great lights. The text goes to great length to discuss the creation of these lights, suggesting that the subject was very important to the ancients. Since these “lights” were considered deities in the ancient world, the section serves as a strong polemic (see G. Hasel, “The Polemical Nature of the Genesis Cosmology,” EvQ 46 [1974]: 81-102). The Book of Genesis is affirming they are created entities, not deities. To underscore this the text does not even give them names. If used here, the usual names for the sun and moon [Shemesh and Yarih, respectively] might have carried pagan connotations, so they are simply described as greater and lesser lights. Moreover, they serve in the capacity that God gives them, which would not be the normal function the pagans ascribed to them. They merely divide, govern, and give light in God’s creation.

tn Heb “and the stars.” Now the term “stars” is added as a third object of the verb “made.” Perhaps the language is phenomenological, meaning that the stars appeared in the sky from this time forward.

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