Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Jeremiah 23:1

Context
NET ©

The Lord says, 1  “The leaders of my people are sure to be judged. 2  They were supposed to watch over my people like shepherds watch over their sheep. But they are causing my people to be destroyed and scattered. 3 

NIV ©

"Woe to the shepherds who are destroying and scattering the sheep of my pasture!" declares the LORD.

NASB ©

"Woe to the shepherds who are destroying and scattering the sheep of My pasture!" declares the LORD.

NLT ©

"I will send disaster upon the leaders of my people––the shepherds of my sheep––for they have destroyed and scattered the very ones they were expected to care for," says the LORD.

MSG ©

"Doom to the shepherd-leaders who butcher and scatter my sheep!" GOD's Decree.

BBE ©

A curse is on the keepers who are causing the destruction and loss of the sheep of my field, says the Lord.

NRSV ©

Woe to the shepherds who destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! says the LORD.

NKJV ©

"Woe to the shepherds who destroy and scatter the sheep of My pasture!" says the LORD.


KJV
Woe
<01945>
be unto the pastors
<07462> (8802)
that destroy
<06> (8764)
and scatter
<06327> (8688)
the sheep
<06629>
of my pasture
<04830>_!
saith
<05002> (8803)
the LORD
<03068>_.
NASB ©
"Woe
<01945>
to the shepherds
<07462>
who are destroying
<06>
and scattering
<06327>
the sheep
<06629>
of My pasture
<04830>
!" declares
<05002>
the LORD
<03068>
.
HEBREW
hwhy
<03068>
Man
<05002>
ytyerm
<04830>
Nau
<06629>
ta
<0853>
Myupmw
<06327>
Mydbam
<06>
Myer
<07462>
ywh (23:1)
<01945>
LXXM
w
<3588
INJ
oi
<3588
T-NPM
poimenev
<4166
N-NPM
oi
<3588
T-NPM
diaskorpizontev
<1287
V-PAPNP
kai
<2532
CONJ
apolluontev {V-PAPNP} ta
<3588
T-APN
probata
<4263
N-APN
thv
<3588
T-GSF
nomhv
<3542
N-GSF
mou
<1473
P-GS
NET © [draft] ITL
The Lord
<03068>
says
<05002>
, “The leaders of my people are sure to be judged
<01945>
. They were supposed to watch over my people like shepherds
<07462>
watch over their sheep
<06629>
. But they are causing my people to be destroyed
<06>
and scattered
<06327>
.
NET ©

The Lord says, 1  “The leaders of my people are sure to be judged. 2  They were supposed to watch over my people like shepherds watch over their sheep. But they are causing my people to be destroyed and scattered. 3 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “Oracle of the Lord.”

sn Heb This particle once again introduces a judgment speech. The indictment is found in v. 1 and the announcement of judgment in v. 2. This leads into an oracle of deliverance in vv. 3-4. See also the note on the word “judged” in 22:13.

tn Heb “Woe to the shepherds who are killing and scattering the sheep of my pasture.” See the study note on 22:13 for the significance of “Sure to be judged” (Heb “Woe”) See the study note for the significance of the metaphor introduced here.

sn Verses 1-4 of ch. 23 are an extended metaphor in which the rulers are compared to shepherds and the people are compared to sheep. This metaphor has already been met with in 10:21 and is found elsewhere in the context of the Lord’s covenant with David (cf. 2 Sam 7:7-8; Ps 78:70-72). The sheep are God’s people and he is the ultimate shepherd who is personally concerned about their care (cf. Pss 23:1; 80:2). He has set rulers over them as his under-shepherds and they are responsible to him for the care of his sheep (see 22:3-4). They have been lax shepherds, allowing the sheep to be scattered and destroyed. So he will punish them. As the true shepherd of Israel he will regather his scattered flock and place new shepherds (rulers) over them. These verses lead to a promise of an ideal ruler set over an Israel which has experienced a new and better Exodus (vv. 6-8). For a more complete development of this metaphor with similar messianic and eschatological implications see Ezek 34. The metaphor has been interpreted in the translation but some of the flavor left in the simile.



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