Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Acts 22:3


“I am a Jew, 1  born in Tarsus in Cilicia, but brought up 2  in this city, educated with strictness 3  under 4  Gamaliel 5  according to the law of our ancestors, 6  and was 7  zealous 8  for God just as all of you are today.


De 33:3; 2Sa 21:2; 2Ki 4:38; Lu 2:46; Lu 8:35; Lu 10:39; Ac 5:34; Ac 6:9; Ac 9:11,30; Ac 11:25; Ac 15:23,41; Ac 21:20; Ac 21:39; Ac 23:6; Ac 23:34; Ac 26:5; Ro 10:2,3; Ro 11:1; 2Co 11:22; Ga 1:14; Ga 1:21; Ga 4:17,18; Php 3:5; Php 3:6

NET © Notes

tn Grk “a Jewish man.”

tn BDAG 74 s.v. ἀνατρέφω b has “of mental and spiritual nurture bring up, rear, trainἀνατεθραμμένος ἐν τ. πόλει ταύτῃ 22:3.”

tn Or “with precision.” Although often translated “strictly” this can be misunderstood for “solely” in English. BDAG 39 s.v. ἀκρίβεια gives the meaning as “exactness, precision.” To avoid the potential misunderstanding the translation “with strictness” is used, although it is slightly more awkward than “strictly.”

tn Grk “strictly at the feet of” (an idiom).

tn Or “brought up in this city under Gamaliel, educated with strictness…” The phrase παρὰ τοὺς πόδας Γαμαλιὴλ (para tou" poda" Gamalihl) could be understood with what precedes or with what follows. The punctuation of NA27 and UBS4, which place a comma after ταύτῃ (tauth), has been followed in the translation.

sn Gamaliel was a famous Jewish scholar and teacher mentioned here and in Acts 5:34. He had a grandson of the same name and is referred to as “Gamaliel the Elder” to avoid confusion. He is quoted a number of times in the Mishnah, was given the highest possible title for Jewish teachers, Rabba (cf. John 20:16), and was highly regarded in later rabbinic tradition.

tn Or “our forefathers.”

tn Grk “ancestors, being.” The participle ὑπάρχων (Juparcwn) has been translated as a finite verb due to requirements of contemporary English style.

tn BDAG 427 s.v. ζηλωτής 1.a.α has “of pers. …ζ. τοῦ θεοῦ one who is loyal to God Ac 22:3.”

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