those who make a commotion as loud as the roaring of the sea’s waves. 2
The people making such an uproar are as good as dead, 3
those who make an uproar as loud as the roaring of powerful waves. 4
when he shouts at 6 them, they will flee to a distant land,
driven before the wind like dead weeds on the hills,
or like dead thistles 7 before a strong gale.
by morning they vanish. 9
This is the fate of those who try to plunder us,
the destiny of those who try to loot us! 10
1 tn Heb “Woe [to] the massing of the many nations.” The word הוֹי (hoy) could be translated as a simple interjection here (“ah!”), but since the following verses announce the demise of these nations, it is preferable to take הוֹי as a funeral cry. See the note on the first phrase of 1:4.
2 tn Heb “like the loud noise of the seas, they make a loud noise.”
3 tn Heb “the uproar of the peoples.” The term הוֹי (hoy, “woe, ah”) does double duty in the parallel structure of the verse; the words “are as good as dead” are supplied in the translation to reflect this.
4 tn Heb “like the uproar of mighty waters they are in an uproar.”
5 tn Heb “the peoples are in an uproar like the uproar of mighty waters.”
6 tn Or “rebukes.” The verb and related noun are used in theophanies of God’s battle cry which terrifies his enemies. See, for example, Pss 18:15; 76:7; 106:9; Isa 50:2; Nah 1:4, and A. Caquot, TDOT 3:49-53.
7 tn Or perhaps “tumbleweed” (NAB, NIV, CEV); KJV “like a rolling thing.”
8 tn Heb “at the time of evening, look, sudden terror.”
9 tn Heb “before morning he is not.”
10 tn Heb “this is the portion of those who plunder us, and the lot of those who loot us.”