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Psalms 93

Psalm 93 1 

93:1 The Lord reigns!

He is robed in majesty,

the Lord is robed,

he wears strength around his waist. 2 

Indeed, the world is established, it cannot be moved.

93:2 Your throne has been secure from ancient times;

you have always been king. 3 

93:3 The waves 4  roar, O Lord,

the waves roar,

the waves roar and crash. 5 

93:4 Above the sound of the surging water, 6 

and the mighty waves of the sea,

the Lord sits enthroned in majesty. 7 

93:5 The rules you set down 8  are completely reliable. 9 

Holiness 10  aptly adorns your house, O Lord, forever. 11 

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1 sn Psalm 93. The psalmist affirms that the Lord is the king of the universe who preserves order and suppresses the destructive forces in the world.

2 sn Strength is compared here to a belt that one wears for support. The Lord’s power undergirds his rule.

3 tn Heb “from antiquity [are] you.” As the context suggests, this refers specifically to God’s royal position, not his personal existence.

4 tn The Hebrew noun translated “waves” often refers to rivers or streams, but here it appears to refer to the surging waves of the sea (see v. 4, Ps 24:2).

5 tn Heb “the waves lift up, O Lord, the waves lift up their voice, the waves lift up their crashing.”

6 tn Heb “mighty waters.”

sn The surging waters here symbolizes the hostile enemies of God who seek to destroy the order he has established in the world (see Pss 18:17; 29:3; 32:6; 77:20; 144:7; Isa 17:13; Jer 51:55; Ezek 26:19; Hab 3:15). But the Lord is depicted as elevated above and sovereign over these raging waters.

7 tn Heb “mighty on high [is] the Lord.”

8 tn Traditionally “your testimonies.” The Hebrew noun עֵדוּת (’edut) refers here to the demands of God’s covenant law. See Ps 19:7.

9 sn The rules you set down. God’s covenant contains a clear, reliable witness to his moral character and demands.

10 sn Holiness refers here to God’s royal transcendence (see vv. 1-4), as well as his moral authority and perfection (see v. 5a).

11 tn Heb “for your house holiness is fitting, O Lord, for length of days.”

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