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HEBREW: 8422 lbwt Tuwbal or lbt Tubal
NAVE: Tubal
EBD: Tubal
SMITH: TUBAL
ISBE: TUBAL
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Tubal

In Bible versions:

Tubal: NET AVS NIV NRSV NASB TEV
son of Japheth son of Noah
a strong warlike nation from the north of Israel (IBD)

the earth; the world; confusion
Google Maps: Tubal (40° 54´, 37° 47´)

Hebrew

Strongs #08422: lbwt Tuwbal or lbt Tubal

Tubal = "thou shall be brought"

n pr m
1) son of Japheth and grandson of Noah

n pr terr
2) a region in east Asia Minor
2a) perhaps nearly equal to Cappadocia

8422 Tuwbal too-bal'

or Tubal {too-bal'}; probably of foreign derivation; Tubal, a
postdiluvian patriarch and his posterity:-Tubal.

Tubal [EBD]

(1.) The fifth son of Japheth (Gen. 10:2).

(2.) A nation, probably descended from the son of Japheth. It is mentioned by Isaiah (66:19), along with Javan, and by Ezekiel (27:13), along with Meshech, among the traders with Tyre, also among the confederates of Gog (Ezek. 38:2, 3; 39:1), and with Meshech among the nations which were to be destroyed (32:26). This nation was probably the Tiberini of the Greek historian Herodotus, a people of the Asiatic highland west of the Upper Euphrates, the southern range of the Caucasus, on the east of the Black Sea.

Tubal [NAVE]

TUBAL, son of Japheth, Gen. 10:2; 1 Chr. 1:5.
Descendants of, become a nation, Isa. 66:19; Ezek. 27:13; 32:26; 38:2, 3; 39:1.

TUBAL [SMITH]

is reckoned with Javan and Meshech among the sons of Japheth. (Genesis 10:2; 1 Chronicles 1:5) The three are again associated in the enumeration of the sources of the wealth of Tyre. (Ezekiel 27:13) Tubal and Javan, (Isaiah 68:19) Meshech and Tubal, (Ezekiel 32:26; 38:2,3; 39:1) are nations of the north. (Ezekiel 38:15; 39:2) Josephus identified the descendants of Tubal with the Iberians, that is, the inhabitants of a tract of country between the Caspian and Euxine Seas, which nearly corresponded to the modern Georgia.

TUBAL [ISBE]

TUBAL - tu'-bal (tubhal, tubhal; Septuagint Thobel, Codex Alexandrinus in Ezek 39:1, Thober): As the text stands, Tubal and Meshech are always coupled, except in Isa 66:19 (Massoretic Text) and Ps 120:5. In the former passage Tubal is yoked with Javan; in the latter Meshech occurs in 120:5 and Kedar in 120:6. In Gen 10:2 parallel, they are sons of Japheth. In Ezekiel (27:13) the two are mentioned as exporters of slaves and copper, as a warlike people of antiquity (32:26), in the army of Gog (38:2 ff; 39:1). Josephus identifies them with the Iberians and Cappadocians respectively; but they are most probably the Tibarenoi, and Moschoi, first mentioned in Herodotus iii.94 as belonging to the 19th satrapy of Darius, and again (vii.78) as furnishing a contingent to the host of Xerxes. Equally obvious is their identity with the Tabali and Muski of the Assyrian monuments, where the latter is mentioned as early as Tiglath-pileser I, and the former under Shalmaneser II; both are described as powerful military states. They appear together in Sargon's inscriptions; and during this entire period their territory must have extended much farther South and West than in Greek-Roman times. They are held (Winckler and Jeremias) to have been remnants of the old Hittite population which were gradually driven (probably by the Cimmerian invasion) to the mountainous district Southeast of the Black Sea.

Horace J. Wolf


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