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HEBREW: 8423 Nyq lbwt Tuwbal Qayin
NAVE: Tubal-cain
EBD: Tubal-cain
Tryphena and Tryphosa | Tryphon | Tryphosa | Tsadhe | Tubal | Tubal-Cain | Tubalcain | Tubias | Tubieni | Tumor | Turban


In Bible versions:

Tubal-cain: NRSV NASB
son of Lamech & wife Zillah; perfected bronze and iron forging

worldly possession; possessed of confusion
Arts Topics: Portraits of Tubal-Cain


Strongs #08423: Nyq lbwt Tuwbal Qayin

Tubal-cain = "thou will be brought of Cain"

1) son of Lamech by his wife Zillah and the first worker in metal

8423 Tuwbal Qayin too-bal' kah'-yin

apparently from 2986 (compare 2981) and 7014; offspring of
Cain; Tubal-Kajin, an antidiluvian patriarch:-Tubal-cain.
see HEBREW for 02986
see HEBREW for 02981
see HEBREW for 07014

Tubal-cain [EBD]

the son of Lamech and Zillah, "an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron" (Gen. 4:22; R.V., "the forger of every cutting instrument of brass and iron").

Tubal-cain [NAVE]

TUBAL-CAIN, the inventor of edge tools, Gen. 4:22.


TUBAL-CAIN - tu'-bal-kan (tubhal qayin): One of the sons of Lamech (Gen 4:22). He is a brother of Jabal and Jubal, who appear to have been the founders of several industries and articles The text (loTesh kol choresh nechosheth u-bharzel) has been the cause of endless dispute. Holzinger and Gunkel hold that laTash was a marginal gloss to charash, and that, as in Gen 4:20 and 21, there stood before kal originally hu hayah 'abhi. This would make Tubal-cain the founder of the metal industry, and place him in a class similar to that of his brothers. The Septuagint, however, has no equivalent of qayin. This omission leads Dillmann, Wellhausen, and others to the position that "Tubal" originally stood alone, and qayin, being a later addition, was translated "smith." Many commentators identify Tubal with the Assyrian Tubal, a people living Southwest of the Black Sea; in later times they were called "Tibareni" (Ezek 27:13). Tubal may be the eponymous ancestor of these people, whose principal industry seems to have been the manufacture of vessels of bronze and iron.

Horace J. Wolf

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