Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 16:6

Context
NETBible

Through loyal love and truth 1  iniquity is appeased; 2  through fearing the Lord 3  one avoids 4  evil. 5 

XREF

Ge 20:11; Ne 5:9,15; Job 1:1-8; Job 28:28; Ps 85:10; Pr 8:13; Pr 14:16,27; Pr 20:28; Da 4:27; Mic 7:18-20; Lu 11:41; Joh 15:2; Ac 15:9; 2Co 7:1; Eph 5:21; 1Pe 1:22

NET © Notes

sn These two words are often found together to form a nominal hendiadys: “faithful loyal love.” The couplet often characterize the Lord, but here in parallel to the fear of the Lord it refers to the faithfulness of the believer. Such faith and faithfulness bring atonement for sin.

tn Heb “is atoned”; KJV “is purged”; NAB “is expiated.” The verb is from I כָּפַר (kafar, “to atone; to expiate; to pacify; to appease”; HALOT 493-94 s.v. I כפר). This root should not be confused with the identically spelled Homonym II כָּפַר (kafar, “to cover over”; HALOT 494 s.v. II *כפר). Atonement in the OT expiated sins, it did not merely cover them over (cf. NLT). C. H. Toy explains the meaning by saying it affirms that the divine anger against sin is turned away and man’s relation to God is as though he had not sinned (Proverbs [ICC], 322). Genuine repentance, demonstrated by loyalty and truthfulness, appeases the anger of God against one’s sin.

tn Heb “fear of the Lord.” The term יְהוָה (yÿhvah, “the Lord”) functions as an objective genitive: “fearing the Lord.”

tn Heb “turns away from”; NASB “keeps away from.”

sn The Hebrew word translated “evil” (רַע, ra’) can in some contexts mean “calamity” or “disaster,” but here it seems more likely to mean “evil” in the sense of sin. Faithfulness to the Lord brings freedom from sin. The verse uses synonymous parallelism with a variant: One half speaks of atonement for sin because of the life of faith, and the other of avoidance of sin because of the fear of the Lord.



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