Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 11:17


A kind person 1  benefits 2  himself, 3  but a cruel person brings himself trouble. 4 


Job 20:19-23; Ps 41:1-4; Ps 112:4-9; Pr 15:27; Ec 4:8; Isa 32:7,8; Isa 57:1; Isa 58:7-12; Da 4:27; Mt 5:7; Mt 6:14,15; Mt 25:34-40; Lu 6:38; 2Co 9:6-14; Php 4:17; Jas 2:13; Jas 5:1-5

NET © Notes

tn Heb “man of kindness.”

sn This contrasts the “kind person” and the “cruel person” (one who is fierce, cruel), showing the consequences of their dispositions.

tn The term גֹּמֶל (gomel) means “to deal fully [or “adequately”] with” someone or something. The kind person will benefit himself.

tn Heb “his own soul.” The term נֶפֶשׁ (nefesh, “soul”) is used as a synecdoche of part (= soul) for the whole (= person): “himself” (BDB 660 s.v. 4).

tn Heb “brings trouble to his flesh.”

sn There may be a conscious effort by the sage to contrast “soul” and “body”: He contrasts the benefits of kindness for the “soul” (translated “himself”) with the trouble that comes to the “flesh/body” (translated “himself”) of the cruel.

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