Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ecclesiastes 11:5

Context
NETBible

Just as you do not know the path 1  of the wind, or how the bones form 2  in the womb of a pregnant woman, 3  so you do not know the work of God who makes everything.

XREF

Job 5:9; Job 26:5-14; Job 36:24-33; Job 37:23; Job 38:4-41; Job 39:1-41:34; Ps 40:5; Ps 92:5; Ps 104:24; Ps 139:14,15; Ec 7:24; Ec 8:17; Isa 40:28; Joh 3:8; Ro 11:33

NET © Notes

tn Heb “what is the way of the wind.” Some take these words with what follows: “how the spirit comes to the bones in the womb of a pregnant woman.” There is debate whether הָרוּחַ מַה־דֶּרֶךְ (mah-derekh haruakh) refers to the wind (“the path of the wind”) or the human spirit of a child in the mother’s womb (“how the spirit comes”). The LXX understood it as the wind: “the way of the wind” (ἡ ὁδὸς τοῦ πνεύματος, Jh Jodos tou pneumatos); however, the Targum and Vulgate take it as the human spirit. The English versions are divided: (1) spirit: “the way of the spirit” (KJV, YLT, Douay); “the breath of life” (NAB); “how a pregnant woman comes to have…a living spirit in her womb” (NEB); “how the lifebreath passes into the limbs within the womb of the pregnant woman” (NJPS); “how the spirit comes to the bones in the womb of a woman with child” (RSV); “how the breath comes to the bones in the mother’s womb” (NRSV); and (2) wind: “the way of the wind” (ASV, RSV margin); “the path of the wind” (NASB, NIV); and “how the wind blows” (MLB, Moffatt).

tn The term “form” does not appear in the Hebrew text, but is supplied in the translation for clarity and smoothness.

tn Heb “the one who is full.” The feminine adjective מְלֵאָה (mÿleah, from מָלֵא, male’, “full”) is used as a substantive referring to a pregnant woman whose womb is filled with her infant (HALOT 584 s.v. מָלֵא 2; BDB 571 s.v. מָלֵא). This term is used in reference to a pregnant woman in later Hebrew (HALOT 584 s.v. מָלֵא). The LXX understood the term in this sense: κυοφορούσης (kuoforoushs, “pregnant woman”).



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