3:8 Listen now, Joshua the high priest, both you and your colleagues who are sitting before you, all of you 1 are a symbol that I am about to introduce my servant, the Branch. 2
6:12 Then say to him, ‘The Lord who rules over all says, “Look – here is the man whose name is Branch, 3 who will sprout up from his place and build the temple of the Lord.
1 tn Heb “these men.” The cleansing of Joshua and his elevation to enhanced leadership as a priest signify the coming of the messianic age.
2 sn The collocation of servant and branch gives double significance to the messianic meaning of the passage (cf. Isa 41:8, 9; 42:1, 19; 43:10; 44:1, 2, 21; Ps 132:17; Jer 23:5; 33:15).
3 tn The epithet “Branch” (צֶמַח, tsemakh) derives from the verb used here (יִצְמָח, yitsmakh, “will sprout up”) to describe the rise of the Messiah, already referred to in this manner in Zech 3:8 (cf. Isa 11:1; 53:2; Jer 33:15). In the immediate context this refers to Zerubbabel, but the ultimate referent is Jesus (cf. John 19:5).