It will lay her land waste.
People and animals will flee out of it.
No one will inhabit it.’
50:9 For I will rouse into action and bring against Babylon
a host of mighty nations 2 from the land of the north.
They will set up their battle lines against her.
They will come from the north and capture her. 3
Their arrows will be like a skilled soldier 4
who does not return from the battle empty-handed. 5
Summon against her all who draw the bow!
Set up camp all around the city!
Do not allow anyone to escape!
Pay her back for what she has done.
Do to her what she has done to others.
For she has proudly defied me, 7
the Holy One of Israel. 8
50:42 Its soldiers are armed with bows and spears.
They are cruel and show no mercy.
They sound like the roaring sea
as they ride forth on their horses.
Lined up in formation like men going into battle,
they are coming against you, fair Babylon! 9
1 sn A nation from the north refers to Medo-Persia which at the time of the conquest of Babylon in 539
3 tn Heb “She will be captured from there (i.e., from the north).”
4 tc Read Heb ַָמשְׂכִּיל (moskil) with a number of Hebrew
5 tn Or more freely, “Their arrows will be as successful at hitting their mark // as a skilled soldier always returns from battle with plunder.”
sn I.e., none of the arrows misses its mark.
6 tn For this word see BDB 914 s.v. III רַב and compare usage in Prov 26:10 and Job 16:12 and compare the usage of the verb in Gen 49:23. Based on this evidence, it is not necessary to emend the form to רֹבִים (rovim) as many commentators contend.
7 tn Heb “for she has acted insolently against the
8 sn The Holy One of Israel is a common title for the
9 tn Heb “daughter Babylon.” The word “daughter” is a personification of the city of Babylon and its inhabitants.