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Time, Times And A Half | Times, Observer Of | Timeus | Timna | Timnath | Timnath Heres | Timnathah | Timnathheres | Timnathserah | Timnite | Timnite, The

Timnath Heres

In Bible versions:

Timnath Heres: NET NIV
Timnath Serah: NET NIV
Timnath-Heres: AVS TEV
Timnath-Serah: AVS TEV
Timnath-heres: NRSV NASB
Timnath-serah: NRSV NASB
a place belonging to Joshua's Clan in the Ephraim hills (OS)

image of the sun; numbering of the rest ( --> same as Timnath-serah)
image of the sun; numbering of the rest ( --> same as Timnath-heres)
Google Maps: Timnath-heres (32° 7´, 35° 9´); Timnath-serah (32° 7´, 35° 9´)


Strongs #08556: orx tnmt Timnath Cherec or xro tnmt Timnath Cerach

Timnath-heres or Timnath-serah = "portion of the sun"
or "abundant portion"

1) a city given to Joshua as a inheritance in the mountains of
Ephraim on the north of the hill of Gaash where he was buried

8556 Timnath Cherec tim-nath kheh'-res

or Timnath Cerach {tim-nath seh'-rakh}; from 8553 and 2775;
portion of (the) sun; Timnath-Cheres, a place in
Palestine:-Timnath-heres, Timnath-serah.
see HEBREW for 08553
see HEBREW for 02775

Timnath-heres [EBD]

portion of the sun, where Joshua was buried (Judg. 2:9). It was "in the mount of Ephraim, in the north side of the hill Gaash," 10 miles south-west of Shechem. The same as the following.

Timnath-serah [EBD]

remaining portion, the city of Joshua in the hill country of Ephraim, the same as Timnath-heres (Josh. 19:50; 24:30). "Of all sites I have seen," says Lieut. Col. Conder, "none is so striking as that of Joshua's home, surrounded as it is with deep valleys and wild, rugged hills." Opposite the town is a hill, on the northern side of which there are many excavated sepulchres. Among these is the supposed tomb of Joshua, which is said to be "the most striking monument in the country." It is a "square chamber with five excavations in three of its sides, the central one forming a passage leading into a second chamber beyond. A great number of lamp-niches cover the walls of the porch, upwards of two hundred, arranged in vertical rows. A single cavity with a niche for a lamp has been thought to be the resting-place of the warrior-chief of Israel." The modern Kefr Haris, 10 miles south-west of Shechem.

Timnath-heres [NAVE]

See: Timnath-serah.

Timnath-serah [NAVE]

TIMNATH-SERAH, a city, called also Timnath-heres. Given to Joshua, Josh. 19:50.
Joshua buried in, Josh. 24:30; Judg. 2:9.


TIMNATH-HERES - tim-nath-he'rez (timnath cherec, "portion of the sun"; Codex Vaticanus Thamnathares; Codex Alexandrinus Thamnathar; heos): This is the form of the name given to Joshua's property and place of burial in Jdg 2:9. The name in Josh 19:50; 24:30 is Timnath-serah. "Serah" simply reverses the order of the letters in "Heres." Scholars are divided in opinion as to which form is correct. It is possible that the change from Heres to Serah may have been deliberate, in order to avoid a form which might savor of idolatry--sun-worship. The Jews and Samaritans hold that Heres is the original form.

W. Ewing


TIMNATH-SERAH - tim-nath-se'-ra (timnath cerach; Codex Vaticanus Thamarchdres; Codex Alexandrinus Thamathsara): This place, assigned as an inheritance to Joshua, is described as being in Mt. Ephraim, on the north side of the mountain of Gaash (Josh 19:50; 24:30). Here, when his work was done, the great leader was laid to rest. The mountain of Gaash unfortunately cannot be identified. Josephus says that Joshua was buried at Thamna, a city of Ephraim (Ant., V, i, 29), which probably corresponds to Thamna, the head of a Jewish toparchy (BJ, III, iii, 5). Vespasian marched from Thamnatha to Lydda, which apparently was near (IV, viii, 1). The place was taken and reduced to slavery by Cassius (Ant., XIV, xi, 2). It was put in charge of John the Essene at the beginning of the Jewish war (BJ, II, xx, 4). Eusebius, Onomasticon (s.v. "Thamna" and "Thamnathsara") identifies it with "Timnath" of Gen 38:12 the King James Version, placing it in the mountain in the tribe of Dan (or Judah), on the way from Diospolis (Lydda) to Jerusalem. The tomb of Joshua was still shown there. This points to Tibneh, in the uplands 12 miles Northeast of Lydda. South of the village, in the face of a rock, are a series of rock-hewn tombs, the largest of which, containing 14 loculi, and a small chamber behind with one loculus, may be that associated with Joshua by Eusebius, Onomasticon. A giant oak grows hard by perhaps the greatest tree in Palestine. Kefr Ishu`a, "village of Joshua," lies about 3 miles to the East. This identification is now generally accepted.

The Samaritan tradition points to the tomb of Joshua at Kefr Charis, 9 miles South of Nablus. Outside the village to the East are two shrines. One is called Neby Kifl, the other, Neby Kala`a. The former, "prophet of division," or "of the portion," might apply to Joshua; the latter is identified with Caleb. This identification assumes that the first element of the name has fallen out, the second only surviving.

W. Ewing

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