Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Genesis 3:16

Context
NET ©

To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase 1  your labor pains; 2  with pain you will give birth to children. You will want to control your husband, 3  but he will dominate 4  you.”

NIV ©

To the woman he said, "I will greatly increase your pains in childbearing; with pain you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you."

NASB ©

To the woman He said, "I will greatly multiply Your pain in childbirth, In pain you will bring forth children; Yet your desire will be for your husband, And he will rule over you."

NLT ©

Then he said to the woman, "You will bear children with intense pain and suffering. And though your desire will be for your husband, he will be your master."

MSG ©

He told the Woman: "I'll multiply your pains in childbirth; you'll give birth to your babies in pain. You'll want to please your husband, but he'll lord it over you."

BBE ©

To the woman he said, Great will be your pain in childbirth; in sorrow will your children come to birth; still your desire will be for your husband, but he will be your master.

NRSV ©

To the woman he said, "I will greatly increase your pangs in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children, yet your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you."

NKJV ©

To the woman He said: "I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; In pain you shall bring forth children; Your desire shall be for your husband, And he shall rule over you."


KJV
Unto the woman
<0802>
he said
<0559> (8804)_,
I will greatly
<07235> (8687)
multiply
<07235> (8686)
thy sorrow
<06093>
and thy conception
<02032>_;
in sorrow
<06089>
thou shalt bring forth
<03205> (8799)
children
<01121>_;
and thy desire
<08669>
[shall be] to thy husband
<0376>_,
and he shall rule
<04910> (8799)
over thee. {to thy...: or, subject to thy husband}
NASB ©
To the woman
<0802>
He said
<0559>
, "I will greatly
<07235>
multiply
<07235>
Your pain
<06093>
in childbirth
<02032>
, In pain
<06089>
you will bring
<03205>
forth
<03205>
children
<01121>
; Yet your desire
<08669>
will be for your husband
<0376>
, And he will rule
<04910>
over you."
HEBREW
o
Kb
<0>
lsmy
<04910>
awhw
<01931>
Ktqwst
<08669>
Ksya
<0376>
law
<0413>
Mynb
<01121>
ydlt
<03205>
bueb
<06089>
Knrhw
<02032>
Knwbue
<06093>
hbra
<07235>
hbrh
<07235>
rma
<0559>
hsah
<0802>
la (3:16)
<0413>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
th
<3588
T-DSF
gunaiki
<1135
N-DSF
eipen {V-AAI-3S} plhyunwn
<4129
V-PAPNS
plhyunw
<4129
V-FAI-1S
tav
<3588
T-APF
lupav
<3077
N-APF
sou
<4771
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
ton
<3588
T-ASM
stenagmon
<4726
N-ASM
sou
<4771
P-GS
en
<1722
PREP
lupaiv
<3077
N-DPF
texh
<5088
V-FMI-2S
tekna
<5043
N-APN
kai
<2532
CONJ
prov
<4314
PREP
ton
<3588
T-ASM
andra
<435
N-ASM
sou
<4771
P-GS
h
<3588
T-NSF
apostrofh {N-NSF} sou
<4771
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
autov
<846
D-NSM
sou
<4771
P-GS
kurieusei
<2961
V-FAI-3S
NET © [draft] ITL
To
<0413>
the woman
<0802>
he said
<0559>
, “I will greatly
<07235>
increase
<07235>
your labor pains
<06093>
; with pain
<06089>
you will give birth
<03205>
to children
<01121>
. You will want
<08669>
to control your husband
<0376>
, but he will dominate
<04910>
you.”
NET ©

To the woman he said, “I will greatly increase 1  your labor pains; 2  with pain you will give birth to children. You will want to control your husband, 3  but he will dominate 4  you.”

NET © Notes

tn The imperfect verb form is emphasized and intensified by the infinitive absolute from the same verb.

tn Heb “your pain and your conception,” suggesting to some interpreters that having a lot of children was a result of the judgment (probably to make up for the loss through death). But the next clause shows that the pain is associated with conception and childbirth. The two words form a hendiadys (where two words are joined to express one idea, like “good and angry” in English), the second explaining the first. “Conception,” if the correct meaning of the noun, must be figurative here since there is no pain in conception; it is a synecdoche, representing the entire process of childbirth and child rearing from the very start. However, recent etymological research suggests the noun is derived from a root הרר (hrr), not הרה (hrh), and means “trembling, pain” (see D. Tsumura, “A Note on הרוֹן (Gen 3,16),” Bib 75 [1994]: 398-400). In this case “pain and trembling” refers to the physical effects of childbirth. The word עִצְּבוֹן (’itsÿvon, “pain”), an abstract noun related to the verb (עָצַב, ’atsav), includes more than physical pain. It is emotional distress as well as physical pain. The same word is used in v. 17 for the man’s painful toil in the field.

tn Heb “and toward your husband [will be] your desire.” The nominal sentence does not have a verb; a future verb must be supplied, because the focus of the oracle is on the future struggle. The precise meaning of the noun תְּשׁוּקָה (tÿshuqah, “desire”) is debated. Many interpreters conclude that it refers to sexual desire here, because the subject of the passage is the relationship between a wife and her husband, and because the word is used in a romantic sense in Song 7:11 HT (7:10 ET). However, this interpretation makes little sense in Gen 3:16. First, it does not fit well with the assertion “he will dominate you.” Second, it implies that sexual desire was not part of the original creation, even though the man and the woman were told to multiply. And third, it ignores the usage of the word in Gen 4:7 where it refers to sin’s desire to control and dominate Cain. (Even in Song of Songs it carries the basic idea of “control,” for it describes the young man’s desire to “have his way sexually” with the young woman.) In Gen 3:16 the Lord announces a struggle, a conflict between the man and the woman. She will desire to control him, but he will dominate her instead. This interpretation also fits the tone of the passage, which is a judgment oracle. See further Susan T. Foh, “What is the Woman’s Desire?” WTJ 37 (1975): 376-83.

tn The Hebrew verb מָשַׁל (mashal) means “to rule over,” but in a way that emphasizes powerful control, domination, or mastery. This also is part of the baser human nature. The translation assumes the imperfect verb form has an objective/indicative sense here. Another option is to understand it as having a modal, desiderative nuance, “but he will want to dominate you.” In this case, the Lord simply announces the struggle without indicating who will emerge victorious.

sn This passage is a judgment oracle. It announces that conflict between man and woman will become the norm in human society. It does not depict the NT ideal, where the husband sacrificially loves his wife, as Christ loved the church, and where the wife recognizes the husband’s loving leadership in the family and voluntarily submits to it. Sin produces a conflict or power struggle between the man and the woman, but in Christ man and woman call a truce and live harmoniously (Eph 5:18-32).



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