At Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion in what was known as the Italian Regiment.
Now there was a man at Caesarea named Cornelius, a centurion of what was called the Italian cohort,
In Caesarea there lived a Roman army officer named Cornelius, who was a captain of the Italian Regiment.
There was a man named Cornelius who lived in Caesarea, captain of the Italian Guard stationed there.
Now there was a certain man in Caesarea, named Cornelius, the captain of the Italian band of the army;
In Caesarea there was a man named Cornelius, a centurion of the Italian Cohort, as it was called.
There was a certain man in Caesarea called Cornelius, a centurion of what was called the Italian Regiment,
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1 sn Caesarea was a city on the coast of Palestine south of Mount Carmel (not Caesarea Philippi). It was known as “Caesarea by the sea” (BDAG 499 s.v. Καισάρεια 2). Largely Gentile, it was a center of Roman administration and the location of many of Herod the Great’s building projects (Josephus, Ant. 15.9.6 [15.331-341]).
2 sn A centurion was a noncommissioned officer in the Roman army or one of the auxiliary territorial armies, commanding a centuria of (nominally) 100 men. The responsibilities of centurions were broadly similar to modern junior officers, but there was a wide gap in social status between them and officers, and relatively few were promoted beyond the rank of senior centurion. The Roman troops stationed in Judea were auxiliaries, who would normally be rewarded with Roman citizenship after 25 years of service. Some of the centurions may have served originally in the Roman legions (regular army) and thus gained their citizenship at enlistment. Others may have inherited it, like Paul.
3 sn A cohort was a Roman military unit of about 600 soldiers, one-tenth of a legion (BDAG 936 s.v. σπεῖρα). The Italian Cohort has been identified as cohors II Italica which is known to have been stationed in Syria in