Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 3:8

Context
NET ©

This will bring 1  healing to your body, 2  and refreshment 3  to your inner self. 4 

NIV ©

This will bring health to your body and nourishment to your bones.

NASB ©

It will be healing to your body And refreshment to your bones.

NLT ©

Then you will gain renewed health and vitality.

MSG ©

Your body will glow with health, your very bones will vibrate with life!

BBE ©

This will give strength to your flesh, and new life to your bones.

NRSV ©

It will be a healing for your flesh and a refreshment for your body.

NKJV ©

It will be health to your flesh, And strength to your bones.


KJV
It shall be health
<07500>
to thy navel
<08270>_,
and marrow
<08250>
to thy bones
<06106>_.
{health: Heb. medicine} {marrow: Heb. watering, or, moistening}
NASB ©
It will be healing
<07500>
to your body
<08270>
And refreshment
<08250>
to your bones
<06106>
.
HEBREW
Kytwmuel
<06106>
ywqsw
<08250>
Krsl
<08270>
yht
<01961>
twapr (3:8)
<07500>
LXXM
tote
<5119
ADV
iasiv
<2392
N-NSF
estai
<1510
V-FMI-3S
tw
<3588
T-DSN
swmati
<4983
N-DSN
sou
<4771
P-GS
kai
<2532
CONJ
epimeleia
<1958
N-NSF
toiv
<3588
T-DPN
osteoiv
<3747
N-DPN
sou
<4771
P-GS
NET © [draft] ITL
This will bring healing
<07500>
to your body
<08270>
, and refreshment
<08250>
to your inner self
<06106>
.
NET ©

This will bring 1  healing to your body, 2  and refreshment 3  to your inner self. 4 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “it will be.” The form is Qal jussive of הָיָה (hayah) and is one of the rare uses of the volitive to express purpose or result, even though there is no vav prefixed to it. This indicates that v. 8 is the outcome of v. 7. If a person trusts in the Lord and fears him (vv. 5-7), God will bless him (v. 8).

tc Heb “your navel” (cf. KJV, ASV). MT reads שָׁרֶּךָ (sharrekha, “your navel”) which functions as a synecdoche of part (= navel) for the whole (= body), meaning “your body” (BDB 1057 s.v. שׂר). The geminate noun שֹׂר (sor, “navel; navel-string [= umbilical cord]”) occurs only two other times in OT (Ezek 16:4; Song 7:3). The LXX reads τῷ σώματί σου (tw swmati sou, “your body”). So the BHS editors suggest emending MT to the more commonly used terms בְּשָׂרֶךָ (bÿsarekha, “your flesh”) or שְׁאֵרֶךָ (shÿerekha, “your body”). But this kind of emendation runs counter to the canons of textual criticism; normally the more difficult reading or rarer term is preferred as original rather than a smooth reading or common term. Since “navel” occurs only twice elsewhere, it is difficult to imagine that it would have been confused for these two more common terms and that a scribe would mistakenly write “your navel” instead. If MT “your navel” is a synecdoche for “your body,” the LXX is not pointing to a different textual tradition but is merely interpreting MT accordingly. In similar fashion, the English versions which read “your body” are not rejecting the MT reading; they are merely interpreting the term as a figure (synecdoche) for “your body.”

tn Heb “drink.” The noun שִׁקּוּי (shiqquy, “drink”) is a figure: metonymy of cause (= drink) for the effect (= refreshment); see BDB 1052 s.v. Just as a drink of water would bring physical refreshment to one’s body, trusting in God and turning away from evil will bring emotional refreshment to one’s soul.

tn Heb “your bones.” The term עַצְמוֹתֶיךָ (’atsmotekha, “your bones”) functions as a synecdoche of part (= bones) for the whole person (= physical and moral aspects); cf. Pss 6:3; 35:10; Prov 3:8; 14:30: 15:30; 16:24; Isa 66:14 and BDB 782 s.v. עֶצֶם 1.d. Scripture often uses the body to describe the inner person (A. R. Johnson, The Vitality of the Individual in the Thought of Ancient Israel, 67-8).



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