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Tiberius Caesar | Tibhath | Tibni | Tidal | Tidings, Glad | Tiglath-pileser | Tiglath-Pileser I. | Tiglath-Pileser III. | Tiglathpileser | Tigris | Tikvah

Tiglath-pileser

In Bible versions:

Tiglath-pileser: NET NRSV NASB
Tiglath-Pileser: AVS NIV TEV
Tilgath-Pilneser: AVS TEV
Tilgath-pilneser: NRSV NASB
the king of Assyria in the time of Pekah, king of Israel
the king of Assyria in the time of Menahem and Pika

that binds or takes away captivity

Hebrew

Strongs #08407: roalp tlgt Tiglath Pil'ecer or rolp tlgt Tiglath P@lecer or roanlp tglt Tilgath Piln@'ecer or ronlp tglt Tilgath Pilnecer

Tiglath-pileser or Tilgath-pilneser = "thou will uncover the wonderful bond"

1) an Assyrian king who attacked Samaria or northern kingdom of Israel
in the reign of Pekah

8407 Tiglath Pil'ecer tig-lath' pil-eh'-ser

or Tiglath Plecer {tig- lath pel-eh-ser}; or Tilgath
Pilnlecer {til-gath' pil-neh-eh'-ser} or Tilgath Pilnecer
{til-gath' pil-neh'-ser}; of foreign derivation; Tiglath-
Pileser or Tilgath-pilneser, an Assyr.
king:-Tiglath-pileser, Tilgath- pilneser.

Tiglath-pileser [NAVE]

TIGLATH-PILESER, called also Tilgath-pilneser, king of Assyria. Invades Israel; carries part of the people captive to Assyria, 2 Kin. 15:29; 1 Chr. 5:6, 26.
Forms an alliance with Ahaz; captures Damascus, 2 Kin. 16:7-10; 2 Chr. 28:19-21.

Tilgath-pilneser [NAVE]

TILGATH-PILNESER
See: Tiglath-pileser.

TIGLATH-PILESER [ISBE]

TIGLATH-PILESER - tig-lath-pi-le-zer

tighlath pil'eser, as the name is read in 2 Kings, tilleghath pilnecer, in 2 Chronicles; Septuagint Algathphellasar; Assyrian, Tukulti-abal-i-sarra): King of Assyria in the days of Menahem, Pekahiah, and Pekah, kings of Israel, and of Uzziah, Jotham and Ahaz, kings of Judah. The king of Assyria, whom the historian of 2 Kings knows as exacting tribute from Menahem, is Pul (2 Ki 15:19 f). In the days of Pekah who had usurped the throne of Menahem's son and successor, Pekahiah, the king of Assyria is known as Tiglath-pileser, who invaded Naphtali and carried the inhabitants captive to Assyria (2 Ki 15:29). This invasion is described by the Chronicler (1 Ch 5:25 f) rather differently, to the effect that "the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites and the Gadites, and the half-tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river of Gozan, unto this day." Still later we find Pekah forming a coalition with Rezin, king of Damascus, into which they tried to force Ahaz, even going the length of besieging him in Jerusalem (2 Ki 16:5). The siege was unsuccessful. Ahaz called in the aid of Tiglath-pileser, sacrificing his independence to get rid of the invaders (2 Ki 16:7,8). He offered the Assyrian the silver and gold that were found in the house of the Lord and in the royal treasury; and Tiglath-pileser, in return, invaded the territories of Damascus and Israel in the rear, compelling the allied forces to withdraw from Judah, while he captured Damascus, and carried the people away to Kir and slew Rezin (2 Ki 16:9). It was on the occasion of his visit to Damascus to do homage to his suzerain Tiglath-pileser, that Ahaz fancied the idolatrous altar, a pattern of which he sent to Urijah, the priest, that he might erect an altar to take the place of the brazen altar which was before the Lord in the temple at Jerusalem. It is a significant comment which is made by the Chronicler (2 Ch 28:21) upon the abject submission of Ahaz to the Assyrian king: "It helped him not."

From the inscriptions we learn particulars which afford striking corroboration of the Biblical narrative and clear up some of the difficulties involved. It is now practically certain that Pul, who is mentioned as taking tribute from Menahem, is identical with Tiglath-pileser (Schrader, COT, I, 230, 231). In all probability Pul, or Pulu, was a usurper, who as king of Assyria assumed the name of one of his predecessors, Tiglath-pileser I, and reigned as Tiglath-pileser III. This king of Assyria, who reigned, as we learn from his annals, from 745 BC to 727 BC, was one of the greatest of Assyrian monarchs. See ASSYRIA. From the fact that no fewer than five Hebrew kings are mentioned in his annals, the greatest interest attaches to his history as it has come down to us. These kings are Uzziah or Azariah, and Jehoahaz, that is Ahaz, of Judah; and Menahem, Pekah and Hushes of Israel. Along with them are mentioned their contemporaries Rezin of Damascus, Hiram of Tyre, and two queens of Arabia otherwise unknown, Zabibi and Samsi. When he died in 727 BC, he was succeeded by Shalmaneser IV, who had occasion to suspect the loyalty of his vassal Hoshea, king of Israel, and besieged him in Samaria.

LITERATURE.

Schrader, COT, I, 229-57; McCurdy, HPM, sections 279-341.

T. Nicol

TILGATH-PILNESER [ISBE]

TILGATH-PILNESER - til'-gath-pil-ne'-zer, til'-gath-pil-ne'-ser.

See TIGLATH-PILESER.




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