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Megiddo

In Bible versions:

Megiddo: NET AVS NIV NRSV NASB TEV
a town and a plain of Manasseh

his precious fruit; declaring a message ( --> same as Megiddon)
his precious fruit; declaring a message ( --> same as Megiddo)
NETBible Maps: Map1 D4 ; Map2 C1 ; Map4 C2 ; Map5 F2 ; Map7 B1 ; OT2 C4 ; OT4 C4 ; OT5 C4
Google Maps: Megiddo (32° 35´, 35° 10´)

Hebrew

Strongs #04023: Nwdgm M@giddown (\\#Zec 12:11\\) or wdgm M@giddow

Megiddo or Megiddon = "place of crowds"

1) ancient city of Canaan assigned to Manasseh and located on the
southern rim of the plain of Esdraelon 6 miles (10 km) from Mount
Carmel and 11 miles (18 km) from Nazareth

4023 Mgiddown meg-id-done'

(Zech. 12 or Mgiddow {meg-id-do'}; from 1413; rendezvous;
Megiddon or Megiddo, a place in Palestine:-Megiddo,
Megiddon.
see HEBREW for 012
see HEBREW for 01413

Megiddo [EBD]

place of troops, originally one of the royal cities of the Canaanites (Josh. 12:21), belonged to the tribe of Manasseh (Judg. 1:27), but does not seem to have been fully occupied by the Israelites till the time of Solomon (1 Kings 4:12; 9:15).

The valley or plain of Megiddo was part of the plain of Esdraelon, the great battle-field of Palestine. It was here Barak gained a notable victory over Jabin, the king of Hazor, whose general, Sisera, led on the hostile army. Barak rallied the warriors of the northern tribes, and under the encouragement of Deborah (q.v.), the prophetess, attacked the Canaanites in the great plain. The army of Sisera was thrown into complete confusion, and was engulfed in the waters of the Kishon, which had risen and overflowed its banks (Judg. 4:5).

Many years after this (B.C. 610), Pharaohnecho II., on his march against the king of Assyria, passed through the plains of Philistia and Sharon; and King Josiah, attempting to bar his progress in the plain of Megiddo, was defeated by the Egyptians. He was wounded in battle, and died as they bore him away in his chariot towards Jerusalem (2 Kings 23:29; 2 Chr. 35:22-24), and all Israel mourned for him. So general and bitter was this mourning that it became a proverb, to which Zechariah (12:11, 12) alludes. Megiddo has been identified with the modern el-Lejjun, at the head of the Kishon, under the north-eastern brow of Carmel, on the south-western edge of the plain of Esdraelon, and 9 miles west of Jezreel. Others identify it with Mujedd'a, 4 miles south-west of Bethshean, but the question of its site is still undetermined.

Megiddo [NAVE]

MEGIDDO, called also Megiddon, and probably Armageddon. A city in Issachar, situated on the southern edge of the plain of Esdraelon, Josh. 17:11; 1 Chr. 7:29.
Conquest of, by Joshua, Josh. 12:21.
Walled by Solomon, 1 Kin. 9:15; included in one of Solomon's commissary districts, 1 Kin. 4:12.
Ahaziah dies at, 2 Kin. 9:27.
Valley of, Deborah defeats Sisera in, Judg. 5:19.
Josiah slain at, by Pharaoh-neco, 2 Kin. 23:29, 30; 2 Chr. 35:22-24.
Prophecy concerning, Zech. 12:11.

Megiddon [NAVE]

MEGIDDON
See: Megiddo.

MEGIDDO [SMITH]

(place of crowns) was in a very marked position on the southern rim of the plain of Esdraelon, on the frontier line of the territories of the tribes of Issachar and Manasseh, 6 miles from Mount Carmel and 11 from Nazareth. It commanded one of those passes from the north into the hill country which were of such critical importance on various occasions in the history of Judea. Judith 4:7. The first mention occurs in (Joshua 12:21) where Megiddo appears as the city of one of the kings whom Joshua defeated on the west of the Jordan. The song of Deborah brings the place vividly before us, as the scene of the great conflict between Sisera and Barak. When Pharaoh-necho came from Egypt against the king of Assyria, Josiah joined the latter, and was slain at Megiddo. (2 Kings 23:29; 2 Chronicles 35:22-24) Megiddo is the modern el-Lejjun , which is undoubtedly the Legio of Eusebius and Jerome. There is a copious stream flowing down the gorge, and turning some mills before joining the Kishon. Here are probably the "waters of Megiddo" of (Judges 5:19)

MEGIDDO; MEGIDDON [ISBE]

MEGIDDO; MEGIDDON - me-gid'-o, me-gid'-on (meghiddo, meghiddon; Magiddo, Mageddon, Magdo): A royal city of the Canaanites, the king of which was slain by Joshua (Josh 12:21). It lay within the territory of Issachar, but was one of the cities assigned to Manasseh (Josh 17:11; 1 Ch 7:29). Manasseh, however, was not able to expel the Canaanites, who therefore continued to dwell in that land. Later, when the children of Israel were waxen strong, the Canaanites were put to taskwork (Josh 17:12 f; Jdg 1:27 f). The host of Sisera was drawn to the river Kishon, and here, "by the waters of Megiddo," the famous battle was fought (Jdg 5:19). By the time of Solomon, Israel's supremacy was unquestioned. Megiddo was included in one of his administrative districts (1 Ki 4:12), and it was one of the cities which he fortified (1 Ki 9:15). Ahaziah, mortally wounded at the ascent of Gur, fled to Megiddo to die (2 Ki 9:27). At Megiddo, Josiah, king of Judah, attempted to arrest Pharaoh-necoh and his army on their march to the Euphrates against the king of Assyria. Here the Egyptian monarch "slew him .... when he had seen him," and from Megiddo went the sorrowful procession to Jerusalem with Josiah's corpse (2 Ki 23:29 f; 2 Ch 35:20 ff). The sad tale is told again in 1 Esdras 1:25 ff. "The mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon" became a poetical expression for the deepest and most despairing grief (Zec 12:11).

See also ARMAGEDDON.

The constant association of Megiddo with Taanach (Tell Ta`anek) points to a position on the south edge of the plain of Esdraelon. In confirmation of this, we read (RP, 1st series, II, 35-47) that Thothmes III captured Megiddo, after having defeated the Palestinian allies who opposed him. He left his camp at Aruna (possibly `Ar`arah), and, following a defile (possibly Wady `Arah), he approached Megiddo from the South We should thus look for the city where the pass opens on the plain; and here, at Khan el-Lejjan, we find extensive ruins on both sides of a stream which turns several mills before falling into the Kishon. We may identify the site with Megiddo, and the stream with "the waters of Megiddo." Pharaoh-necoh would naturally take the same line of march, and his advance could be nowhere more hopefully opposed than at el-Lejjun. Tell el-Mutasellim, a graceful mound hard by, on the edge of the plain, may have formed the acropolis of Megiddo.

The name Mujadda` attaches to a site 3 miles South of Beisan in the Jordan valley. Here Conder would place Megiddo. But while there is a resemblance in the name, the site really suits none of the Biblical data. The phrase "Taanach by the waters of Megiddo" alone confines us to a very limited area. No position has yet been suggested which meets all the conditions as well as el-Lejjun.

The Khan here shows that the road through the pass from Esdraelon to the plain of Sharon and the coast was still much frequented in the Middle Ages.

W. Ewing




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