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Adoniram

In Bible versions:

Adoniram: NET AVS NIV NRSV NASB TEV
Adoram: AVS NIV NRSV NASB TEV
son of Abda; the man in charge of Solomon's forced labor
a man who was in charge of David's forced labor
a man who was in charge of Rehoboam's forced labor

my Lord is most high; Lord of might and elevation
their beauty; their power

Hebrew

Strongs #0141: Mrynda 'Adoniyram

Adoniram = "my lord is exalted"

1) one of Solomon's officers

141 'Adoniyram ad-o-nee-rawm'

from 113 and 7311; lord of height; Adoniram, an
Israelite:-Adoniram.
see HEBREW for 0113
see HEBREW for 07311

Strongs #0151: Mrda 'Adoram

Adoram = "my lord is exalted"

1) an officer of David
2) an officer of Rehoboam

151 'Adoram ad-o-rawm'

contracted for 141; Adoram (or Adoniram), an
Israelite:-Adoram.
see HEBREW for 0141

Adoniram [EBD]

(Adoram, 1 Kings 12:18), the son of Abda, was "over the tribute," i.e., the levy or forced labour. He was stoned to death by the people of Israel (1 Kings 4:6; 5:14)

Adoram [EBD]

See ADONIRAM.

Adoniram [NAVE]

ADONIRAM, called also Adoram, a tax collector, 2 Sam. 20:24; 1 Kin. 4:6; 5:14; 12:18.

Adoram [NAVE]

ADORAM
1 Officer over the tribute, 2 Sam. 20:24.
2. See: Adoniram.

ADONIRAM [SMITH]

(lord of heights), (1 Kings 4:6) by an unusual contraction ADORAM, (2 Samuel 20:24) and 1Kin 12:18 Also HADORAM, (2 Chronicles 10:18) chief receiver of the tribute during the reigns of David, (2 Samuel 20:24) Solomon, (1 Kings 4:6) and Rehoboam. (1 Kings 12:18) This last monarch sent him to collect the tribute from the rebellious Israelites, by whom he was stoned to death, (B.C. 1014-973.)

ADORAM [SMITH]

[ADONIRAM; HADORAM]

ADONIRAM [ISBE]

ADONIRAM - ad-o-ni'-ram ('adhoniram, "my lord is exalted"): An official of Solomon (1 Ki 4:6; 5:14). Near the close of the reign of David, and at the opening of the reign of Rehoboam, the same office was held by Adoram (2 Sam 20:24; 1 Ki 12:18). The name Adoram seems to be a contraction of Adoniram, and doubtless the same person held the office in all the three reigns. The name also appears as Hadoram (2 Ch 10:18). In the King James Version and the Revised Version (British and American) the office is variantly described as "over the tribute," which is misleading, and "over the levy," which is correct, though obscure. In the American Standard Revised Version it is uniformly "over the men subject to taskwork." Adoniram was at the head of the department of forced labor for the government. The record is to the effect that peoples conquered by Israel, except the Canaanites, were to be spared, subject to the obligation to forced labor on the public works (Dt 20:11); that this law was actually extended to the Canaanites (Josh 16:10; 17:13; Jdg 1:28 ff); that David, in his preparations for the temple, organized and handed over to Solomon a service of forced labor (1 Ch 22:2,15, etc.); that under Solomon this service was elaborately maintained (1 Ki 5:13 ff; 9:15 ff; 2 Ch 8:7 ff). It was not for the temple only, but for all Solomon's numerous building enterprises. In theory men of Israelite blood were free from this burden, but practically they found it a burden and a grievance. At the accession of Rehoboam they protested against it (1 Ki 12; 2 Ch 10). Nothing in the account is more indicative of Rehoboam's utter lack of good judgment than his sending his veteran superintendent of the forced labor department to confer with the people. The murder of Adoniram, and the ignominious flight of Rehoboam, were natural consequences.

Willis J. Beecher

ADORAM [ISBE]

ADORAM - a-do'-ram.

See ADONIRAM.




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