In Bible versions:
son of Eliab (Reuben); a rebel against Moses
son of Hiel, who died when his father began rebuilding Jericho
a man who was a son of Eliab of Reuben
high father; father of deceit
laws or rites
Dathan = "belonging to a fountain"
1) a Reubenite chief, son of Eliab, who, with his brother, Abiram,
joined Korah's conspiracy against Moses' authority
1885 Dathan daw-thawn'
of uncertain derivation; Dathan, an Israelite:-Dathan.
Abiram = "my father is exalted" or "(the) Exalted One is (my) father"
1) a Reubenite, son of Eliab in exodus
2) son of Hiel the Bethelite who worked to rebuild Jericho
48 'Abiyram ab-ee-rawm'
from 1 and 7311; father of height (i.e. lofty); Abiram, the
name of two Israelites:-Abiram.
see HEBREW for 01
see HEBREW for 07311
father of height; i.e., "proud." (1.) One of the sons of Eliab, who joined Korah in the conspiracy against Moses and Aaron. He and all the conspirators, with their families and possessions (except the children of Korah), were swallowed up by an earthquake (Num. 16:1-27; 26:9; Ps. 106:17).
(2.) The eldest son of Hiel the Bethelite, who perished prematurely in consequence of his father's undertaking to rebuild Jericho (1 Kings 16:34), according to the words of Joshua (6:26). (See JERICHO.)
- A Reubenite, son of Eliab, who with Korah, a Levite, organized a conspiracy against Moses and Aaron. (Numbers 16:1) ... [For details, see KORAH] (B.C. 1490.)
- Eldest son of Hiel the bethelite, who died when his father laid the foundations of Jericho, (1Ã‚Â Kings 16:34) and thus accomplished the first part of the curse of Joshua. (Joshua 6:26) (B.C. after 905.)
- a-bi'-ram ('abhiram, "exalted father," or, "my father is an exalted one"):
(1) The son of Eliab the son of Pallu the son of Reuben (Nu 26:5 ff; Dt 11:6). In company with his brother Dathan and Korah the Levite and others, he disputed the authority of Moses and Aaron in the wilderness (Nu 16 through 17; 26; Dt 11:6; Ps 106:17). Two hundred and fifty followers of Korah perished by fire at the doorway of the tent of meeting. Dathan and Abiram refused to come to the tent of meeting, at the summons of Moses; and the earth opened where their tents were, and swallowed them and their families and their goods.
(2) The firstborn son of Hiel the Bethelite, who rebuilt Jericho in the time of Ahab (1 Ki 16:34; compare Josh 6:26). This incident has recently acquired a new interest owing to discoveries made at Gezer and Megiddo concerning foundation sacrifices as in ancient times offered in Palestine. One should not be too positive in making statements concerning this, but the following is a possible interpretation of the record. The curse pronounced by Joshua on the man who should rebuild Jericho was of a piece with the other details, Jericho being treated exceptionally, as a city placed under the ban. The language of Joshua's curse is capable of being translated: `Cursed be the man before Yahweh who shall .... build .... Jericho; (who) shall lay its foundation in his firstborn, and set up its gates in his youngest.' According to this interpretation the death of the builder's eldest and youngest sons is not spoken of as the penalty involved in the curse, but as an existing horrible custom, mentioned in order to give solemnity to the diction of the curse. The writer in Kings cites the language of the curse by Joshua. The context in which he mentions the affair suggests that he regards Hiel's conduct as exceptionally flagrant in its wickedness. Hiel, in defiance of Yahweh, not only built the city, but in building it revived the horrible old Canaanite custom, making his first-born son a foundation sacrifice, and his youngest son a sacrifice at the completion of the work.
Willis J. Beecher
- da'-than (dathan, meaning and derivation unknown, though the name is found in Assyrian, in the records of Shalmaneser II): The son of Eliab the son of Pallu the son of Reuben (Nu 26:5
ff; Dt 11:6
; Ps 106:17
). He and his brother Abiram, with others, followed Korah the Levite in disputing the authority of Moses and Aaron in the wilderness (Nu 16
-17; 26; Dt 11:6
; Ps 106:17
). Other followers of Korah perished by fire before the tent of meeting, but Dathan and Abiram were swallowed up by the earth, with their families and their goods, at their tents.
Willis J. Beecher