In Bible versions:
the Levite who received the ark back from the Philistines
the son of Jesse, David's brother
the son of Saul of Benjami
father of a vow, or of willingness
Abinadab = "my father is noble" or "my father is willing"
1) a man of Gibeah who sheltered the ark
2) second son of Jesse, David's older brother
3) a son of Saul, slain with him by the Philistines
41 'Abiynadab ab-ee-naw-dawb'
from 1 and 5068; father of generosity (i.e. liberal);
Abinadab, the name of four Israelites:-Abinadab.
see HEBREW for 01
see HEBREW for 05068
father of nobleness; i.e., "noble." (1.) A Levite of Kirjath-jearim, in whose house the ark of the covenant was deposited after having been brought back from the land of the Philistines (1 Sam. 7:1). It remained there twenty years, till it was at length removed by David (1 Sam. 7:1,2; 1 Chr. 13:7).
(2.) The second of the eight sons of Jesse (1 Sam. 16:8). He was with Saul in the campaign against the Philistines in which Goliath was slain (1 Sam. 17:13).
(3.) One of Saul's sons, who peristed with his father in the battle of Gilboa (1 Sam. 31:2; 1 Chr. 10:2).
(4.) One of Solomon's officers, who "provided victuals for the king and his household." He presided, for this purpose, over the district of Dor (1 Kings 4:11).
- a-bin'-a-dab ('abhinadhabh, "father of willingness," or, "my father is willing." This is according to the ordinary usage of the second word in the name--"willing" rather than "munificent" or "noble"):
(1) The man in whose house the men of Kiriath-jearim placed the ark, after its return from the land of the Philistines, his house being either in Gibeah of Benjamin or "in the hill" (1 Sam 7:1; 2 Sam 6:3,4). To account for the ambiguity note that gibh`ah means hill, and that the place-name Gibeah ordinarily has the definite article. It is natural to think that Abinadab was himself a man of Kiriath-jearim, though the account does not explicitly say so. The record is that the men of Kiriath-jearim were summoned to take charge of the ark at a time when no one else dared to have it (1 Sam 6:20,21); and the implication seems to be that they had no option to refuse. Possibly this was due to their being Gibeonites, and hereditary "bondmen" of "the house of my God" (Josh 9:17,23). However this may be, they "sanctified" Abinadab's son Eleazar to have charge of the ark. According to the Hebrew and some of the Greek copies, the ark was in Gibeah in the middle of the reign of King Saul (1 Sam 14:18).
About a century later, according to the Bible numbers, David went with great pomp to Kiriath-jearim, otherwise known as Baalah or Baale-judah, to bring the ark from Kiriath-jearim, out of the house of Abinadab in the hill (or, in Gibeah), and place it in Jerusalem (1 Ch 13; 2 Sam 6). The new cart was driven by two descendants of Abinadab. There may or may not have been another Abinadab then living, the head of the house.
(2) The second of the eight sons of Jesse, one of the three who were in Saul's army when Goliath gave his challenge (1 Sam 16:8; 17:13; 1 Ch 2:13).
(3) One of the sons of King Saul (1 Ch 8:33; 9:39; 10:2; 1 Sam 31:2). He died in the battle of Gilboa, along with his father and brothers.
(4) In 1 Ki 4:11 the King James Version has "the son of Abinadab," where the Revised Version (British and American) has BEN-ABINADAB, which see.
Willis J. Beecher