Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Proverbs 12:4


A noble wife 1  is the crown 2  of her husband, but the wife 3  who acts shamefully is like rottenness in his bones. 4 


Pr 14:1; Pr 14:30; Pr 19:13,14; Pr 21:9,19; Pr 27:15,16; Pr 31:10-25; Hab 3:16; 1Co 11:7,11

NET © Notes

tn Heb “a wife of virtue”; NAB, NLT “a worthy wife.” This noble woman (אֵשֶׁת־חַיִל, ’shet-khayil) is the subject of Prov 31. She is a “virtuous woman” (cf. KJV), a capable woman of noble character. She is contrasted with the woman who is disgraceful (מְבִישָׁה, mÿvishah; “one who causes shame”) or who lowers his standing in the community.

sn The metaphor of the “crown” emphasizes that such a wife is a symbol of honor and glory.

tn Heb “she”; the referent (the wife) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

sn The simile means that the shameful acts of such a woman will eat away her husband’s strength and influence and destroy his happiness.

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