Pathrusites, Casluhites (from whom the Philistines came) and Caphtorites.
and Pathrusim and Casluhim (from which came the Philistines) and Caphtorim.
Pathrusites, Casluhites, and the Caphtorites, from whom the Philistines came.
the Pathrusim, the Casluhim (the origin of the Philistines), and the Kaphtorim.
And Pathrusim and Casluhim and Caphtorim, from whom came the Philistines.
Pathrusim, Casluhim, and Caphtorim, from which the Philistines come.
Pathrusim, and Casluhim (from whom came the Philistines and Caphtorim).
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1 sn The Pathrusites are known in Egyptian as P-to-reshi; they resided in Upper Egypt.
2 sn The Casluhites lived in Crete and eventually settled east of the Egyptian Delta, between Egypt and Canaan.
3 tn Several commentators prefer to reverse the order of the words to put this clause after the next word, since the Philistines came from Crete (where the Caphtorites lived). But the table may suggest migration rather than lineage, and the Philistines, like the Israelites, came through the Nile Delta region of Egypt. For further discussion of the origin and migration of the Philistines, see D. M. Howard, “Philistines,” Peoples of the Old Testament World, 232.
4 sn The Caphtorites resided in Crete, but in Egyptian literature Caphtor refers to “the region beyond” the Mediterranean.