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Job 34:10-12

Context
God is Not Unjust

34:10 “Therefore, listen to me, you men of understanding. 1 

Far be it from 2  God to do wickedness,

from the Almighty to do evil.

34:11 For he repays a person for his work, 3 

and according to the conduct of a person,

he causes the consequences to find him. 4 

34:12 Indeed, in truth, God does not act wickedly,

and the Almighty does not pervert justice.

Job 34:18-19

Context

34:18 who says to a king, 5  ‘Worthless man’ 6 

and to nobles, ‘Wicked men,’

34:19 who shows no partiality to princes,

and does not take note of 7  the rich more than the poor,

because all of them are the work of his hands?

1 tn Heb “men of heart.” The “heart” is used for the capacity to understand and make the proper choice. It is often translated “mind.”

2 tn For this construction, see Job 27:5.

3 tn Heb “for the work of man, he [= God] repays him.”

4 tn Heb “he causes it to find him.” The text means that God will cause a man to find (or receive) the consequences of his actions.

5 tc Heb “Does one say,” although some smooth it out to say “Is it fit to say?” For the reading “who says,” the form has to be repointed to הַאֹמֵר (haomer) meaning, “who is the one saying.” This reading is supported by the LXX, Vulgate, and Syriac. Also it seems to flow better with the following verse. It would be saying that God is over the rulers and can rebuke them. The former view is saying that no one rebukes kings, much less Job rebuking God.

6 tn The word בְּלִיָּעַל (bÿliyyaal) means both “worthless” and “wicked.” It is common in proverbial literature, and in later writings it became a description of Satan. It is usually found with “son of.”

7 tn The verb means “to give recognition; to take note of” and in this passage with לִפְנֵי (lifne, “before”) it means to show preferential treatment to the rich before the poor. The word for “rich” here is an unusual word, found parallel to “noble” (Isa 32:2). P. Joüon thinks it is a term of social distinction (Bib 18 [1937]: 207-8).



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