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Genesis 6:17

6:17 I am about to bring 1  floodwaters 2  on the earth to destroy 3  from under the sky all the living creatures that have the breath of life in them. 4  Everything that is on the earth will die,

Genesis 6:19

6:19 You must bring into the ark two of every kind of living creature from all flesh, 5  male and female, to keep them alive 6  with you.

Genesis 7:15-16

7:15 Pairs 7  of all creatures 8  that have the breath of life came into the ark to Noah. 7:16 Those that entered were male and female, 9  just as God commanded him. Then the Lord shut him in.

Genesis 7:21

7:21 And all living things 10  that moved on the earth died, including the birds, domestic animals, wild animals, all the creatures that swarm over the earth, and all humankind.

Genesis 8:17

8:17 Bring out with you all the living creatures that are with you. Bring out 11  every living thing, including the birds, animals, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth. Let them increase 12  and be fruitful and multiply on the earth!” 13 

Genesis 9:11

9:11 I confirm 14  my covenant with you: Never again will all living things 15  be wiped out 16  by the waters of a flood; 17  never again will a flood destroy the earth.”

Genesis 9:15-17

9:15 then I will remember my covenant with you 18  and with all living creatures of all kinds. 19  Never again will the waters become a flood and destroy 20  all living things. 21  9:16 When the rainbow is in the clouds, I will notice it and remember 22  the perpetual covenant between God and all living creatures of all kinds that are on the earth.”

9:17 So God said to Noah, “This is the guarantee of the covenant that I am confirming between me and all living things 23  that are on the earth.”

1 tn The Hebrew construction uses the independent personal pronoun, followed by a suffixed form of הִנֵּה (hinneh, “look”) and the a participle used with an imminent future nuance: “As for me, look, I am going to bring.”

2 tn Heb “the flood, water.”

3 tn The verb שָׁחָת (shakhat, “to destroy”) is repeated yet again, only now in an infinitival form expressing the purpose of the flood.

4 tn The Hebrew construction here is different from the previous two; here it is רוּחַ חַיִּים (ruakh khayyim) rather than נֶפֶשׁ הַיָּה (nefesh khayyah) or נִשְׁמַת חַיִּים (nishmat khayyim). It refers to everything that breathes.

5 tn Heb “from all life, from all flesh, two from all you must bring.” The disjunctive clause at the beginning of the verse (note the conjunction with prepositional phrase, followed by two more prepositional phrases in apposition and then the imperfect verb form) signals a change in mood from announcement (vv. 17-18) to instruction.

6 tn The Piel infinitive construct לְהַחֲיוֹת (lÿhakhayot, here translated as “to keep them alive”) shows the purpose of bringing the animals into the ark – saving life. The Piel of this verb means here “to preserve alive.”

7 tn Heb “two two” meaning “in twos.”

8 tn Heb “flesh.”

9 tn Heb “Those that went in, male and female from all flesh they went in.”

10 tn Heb “flesh.”

11 tn The words “bring out” are not in the Hebrew text, but are supplied in the translation for stylistic reasons.

12 tn Following the Hiphil imperative, “bring out,” the three perfect verb forms with vav (ו) consecutive carry an imperatival nuance. For a discussion of the Hebrew construction here and the difficulty of translating it into English, see S. R. Driver, A Treatise on the Use of the Tenses in Hebrew, 124-25.

13 tn Heb “and let them swarm in the earth and be fruitful and multiply on the earth.”

14 tn The verb וַהֲקִמֹתִי (vahaqimoti) is a perfect with the vav (ו) consecutive and should be translated with the English present tense, just as the participle at the beginning of the speech was (v. 9). Another option is to translate both forms with the English future tense (“I will confirm”).

15 tn Heb “all flesh.”

16 tn Heb “cut off.”

17 tn Heb “and all flesh will not be cut off again by the waters of the flood.”

18 tn Heb “which [is] between me and between you.”

19 tn Heb “all flesh.”

20 tn Heb “to destroy.”

21 tn Heb “all flesh.”

22 tn The translation assumes that the infinitive לִזְכֹּר (lizkor, “to remember”) here expresses the result of seeing the rainbow. Another option is to understand it as indicating purpose, in which case it could be translated, “I will look at it so that I may remember.”

23 tn Heb “all flesh.”

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