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HEBREW: 8227 Npv shaphan
NAVE: Shaphan
EBD: Shaphan
Shammoth | Shammua | Shamsherai | Shape | Shapham | Shaphan | Shaphat | Shapher | Shaphir | Sharai | Sharaim


In Bible versions:

son of Azaliah; father of Gemariah;, a prince of Judah in the time of Jehoiakim
son of Azaliah son of Meshullam (OS); secretary to King Josiah
father of Jaazaniah, an idolatrous elder under Zedekiah

rabbit; wild rat; their lip; their brink ( --> same as Shapham)


Strongs #08227: Npv shaphan

n m
1) rock badger, coney, the hyrax

n pr m
2) secretary or scribe of king Josiah of Judah
3) father of Ahikam in the time of king Josiah of Judah
3a) improbably the same as 2
4) father of Elasah in the time of the prophet Jeremiah
4a) perhaps the same as 3
5) a scribe and father of Gemariah
5a) perhaps the same as 2
6) father of Jaazaniah in the time of Ezekiel
6a) perhaps the same as 2

8227 shaphan shaw-fawn'

from 8226; a species of rock-rabbit (from its hiding), i.e.
probably the hyrax:-coney.
see HEBREW for 08226

Shaphan [EBD]

a coney, a scribe or secretary of king Josiah (2 Kings 22:3-7). He consulted Huldah concerning the newly-discovered copy of the law which was delivered to him by Hilkiah the priest (8-14). His grandson Gedaliah was governor of Judea (25:22).

Shaphan [NAVE]

1. A scribe of king Josiah, 2 Kin. 22:3-14; 2 Chr. 34:8-20.
Father of Gemariah, Jer. 36:10-12.
2. Father of Ahikam and grandfather of Gedaliah, 2 Kin. 22:12; 25:22; 2 Chr. 34:20; Jer. 26:24; 39:14; 40:5, 9, 11; 41:2; 43:6.
3. Father of Elasah, Jer. 29:3.
4. Father of Jaazaniah, Ezek. 8:11.


(coney), the scribe or secretary of King Josiah. (2 Kings 22:3,14; 2 Chronicles 34:8,20) (B.C. 628.) He appears on an equality with the governor of the city and the royal recorder. (2 Kings 22:4; 2 Chronicles 34:9)


SHAPHAN - sha'-fan (shaphan, "rockbadger," English Versions of the Bible "coney"; Saphphan): An old totem clan name (so W.R. Smith; compare, however, the article TOTEMISM; Gray, Gray, Studies in Hebrew Proper Names, 103 ff, and Jacob's Studies in Biblical Archaeology, 84 ff).

(1) Son of Azaliah and scribe of King Josiah. He received from Hilkiah the Book of the Law which had been found in the Temple (2 Ki 22:3 ff; 2 Ch 34:8-28). It was from Shaphan's lips that Josiah heard the Law read. Shaphan was also one of those sent by the king to the prophetess Huldah (2 Ki 22; 2 Ch 34). He was undoubtedly one of the staunchest supporters of Josiah in his work of reform. He was the father of Ahikam (2 Ki 22:12; 2 Ch 34:20; Jer 26:24), who befriended and protected the prophet Jeremiah. Another son, Elasah, was one of the two men entrusted by Jeremiah with his letter to the captives in Babylon (Jer 29:3). A third son, Gemariah, vainly tried to prevent King Jehoiakim from burning "the roll" (Jer 36:10,11,12,25). The Micaiah of Jer 36:11,12, and Gedaliah, the governor of Judea after the captivity of 586 BC, were his grandsons (Jer 39:14).

(2) Perhaps the father of Jaazaniah, one of the 70 men whom Ezekiel saw, in his vision of the Temple, sacrificing to idols (Ezek 8:11).

Horace J. Wolf

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