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HEBREW: 8189 Myrev Sha`arayim
NAVE: Shaaraim
EBD: Shaaraim
Shaalbonite | Shaalbonite, The | Shaalim | Shaalim, Land Of | Shaaph | Shaaraim | Shaasgaz | Shaashgaz | Shabbethai | Shachia | Shackles


In Bible versions:

Sha-Araim: AVS TEV
a town of Simeon in the lowlands of Judah

gates; valuation; hairs
Google Maps: Shaaraim (1) (31° 42´, 34° 53´); Shaaraim (2) (31° 16´, 34° 28´)


Strongs #08189: Myrev Sha`arayim

Shaaraim = "double gate"

1) a town in Judah
2) a town in Simeon

8189 Sha`arayim shah-ar-ah'-yim

dual of 8179; double gates; Shaarajim, a place in
see HEBREW for 08179

Shaaraim [EBD]

two gates. (1.) A city in the plain of Judah (1 Sam. 17:52); called also Sharaim (Josh. 15:36).

(2.) A town in Simeon (1 Chr. 4:31).

Shaaraim [NAVE]

1. A city of Judah, called also Sharaim, Josh. 15:36; 1 Sam. 17:52.
2. A city of Simeon, 1 Chr. 4:31.


(two gates), a city in the territory allotted to Judah, (Joshua 15:36) in Authorized Version incorrectly Sharaim. (1 Samuel 17:52) Shaaraim one of the towns of Simeon, (1 Chronicles 4:31) must be a different place.


SHAARAIM - sha-a-ra'-im (sha`arayim, "two gates"; Sakareim; the King James Version Sharaim):

(1) A city in the Shephelah or "lowland" of Judah mentioned (Josh 15:36) in close association with Socoh and Azekah; the vanquished army of the Philistines passed a Shaaraim in their flight from Socoh toward Gath and Ekron (1 Sam 17:52). It is possible that in this latter reference the "two gates" may refer--as Septuagint implies--to the two Philistine strongholds themselves. Shaaraim has been identified with Tell Zakariya (see however AZEKAH) and with Kh. Sa`ireh (PEF, III, 124, Sh XVII), an old site West of Beit `Atab. Both proposals are hazardous.

(2) One of the towns of Simeon (1 Ch 4:31), called (Josh 19:6) "Sharuhen" and, as one of the uttermost cities of Judah, called (Josh 15:32) "Shilhim." This town was in Southwestern Palestine and is very probably identical with the fortress Sharhana, a place of some importance on the road from Gaza to Egypt. Aahmes (XVIIIth Dynasty) besieged and captured this city in the 5th year of his reign in his pursuit of the flying Hyksos (Petrie, Hist, II, 22, 35), and a century later Tahutmes III, in the 23rd year of his reign, took the city of Sharuhen on his way to the siege and capture of Megiddo (Petrie, Hist, II, 104). On philological grounds Tell esh-Sheri`ah, 12 miles Northwest of Beersheba, large ruin, has been proposed, but it does not suit at all the Egyptian data (PEF, III, 399, Sh XXIV).

E. W. G. Masterman

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