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Pentateuch, 3 | Pentateuch, The | Pentateuch, The Samaritan | Pentecost | Pentecostalism | Penuel | Penuriousness | Penury | People | Peraea | Perazim


In Bible versions:

a place 7 km E of Succoth where Jacob wrestled with God
a town on the brook Jabbok 7 km east of Succoth
father of Gedor; a descendant of Hur of Judah
son of Shashak of Benjamin

face or vision of God; that sees God ( --> same as Penuel)
face or vision of God; that sees God ( --> same as Peniel)
NETBible Maps: Map4 G2 ; Map5 B3 ; Map8 G5
Google Maps: Peniel (32° 11´, 35° 42´); Penuel (32° 11´, 35° 42´)


Strongs #06439: lawnp P@nuw'el or (more properly) laynp P@niy'el

Penuel or Peniel = "facing God"

n pr m
1) a Benjamite, son of Shashak, brother of Iphedeiah of the family of
2) son of Hur, father of Gedor, and a descendant of Judah

n pr loc
3) the place named by Jacob when he wrestled with God and located on
the north bank of the Jabbok close to the Jordan

6439 Pnuw'el pen-oo-ale'

or (more properly,) Pniylel {pen-oo-ale'}; from 6437 and 410;
face of God; Penuel or Peniel, a place East of Jordan; also
(as Penuel) the name of two Israelites:-Peniel, Penuel.
see HEBREW for 06437
see HEBREW for 0410

Penuel [EBD]

face of God, a place not far from Succoth, on the east of the Jordan and north of the river Jabbok. It is also called "Peniel." Here Jacob wrestled (Gen. 32:24-32) "with a man" ("the angel", Hos. 12:4. Jacob says of him, "I have seen God face to face") "till the break of day."

A town was afterwards built there (Judg. 8:8; 1 Kings 12:25). The men of this place refused to succour Gideon and his little army when they were in pursuit of the Midianites (Judg. 8:1-21). On his return, Gideon slew the men of this city and razed its lofty watch-tower to the ground.

Peniel [NAVE]

See: Penuel.

Penuel [NAVE]

1. Called also Peniel. City built where Jacob wrestled with the angel, Gen. 32:31; Judg. 8:8, 9, 17; 1 Kin. 12:25.
2. Chief of Gedor, 1 Chr. 4:4.
3. A Benjamite, 1 Chr. 8:25.


(face of God) the name which Jacob gave to the place in which he had wrestled with God: "He called the name of the place ?face of El,? for I have seen Elohim face to face." (Genesis 32:30) In (Genesis 32:31) and the other passages in which the name occurs, its form is changed to PENUEL. From the narrative it is evident that Peniel lay somewhere on the north bank of the Jabbok, and between that torrent and the fords of the Jordan at Succoth, a few miles north of the glen where the Jabbok falls into the Jordan.




PENIEL - pe-ni'-el, pen'-i-el, pe'-ni-el (peni'el, "face of God"; Eidos theou): This is the form of the name in Gen 32:30. In the next verse and elsewhere it appears as "Penuel." The name is said to have been given to the place by Jacob after his night of wrestling by the Jabbok, because, as he said, "I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved." It was a height evidently close by the stream over which Jacob passed in the morning. Some have thought it might be a prominent cliff, the contour of which resembled a human face. Such a cliff on the seashore to the South of Tripoli was called theou prosopon, "face of God" (Strabo xvi.2,15 f). In later times a city with a strong tower stood upon it. This lay in the line of Gideon's pursuit of the Midianites. When he returned victorious, he beat down the place because of the churlishness of the inhabitants (Jdg 8:8,9,17). It was one of the towns "built" or fortified by Jeroboam (1 Ki 12:25). Merrill would identify it with Telul edh-Dhahab, "hills of gold," two hills with ruins that betoken great antiquity, and that speak of great strength, on the South of the Jabbok, about 10 miles East of Jordan (for description see Merrill, East of the Jordan, 390 if). A difficulty that seems fatal to this identification is that here the banks of the Jabbok are so precipitous as to be impassable. Conder suggests Jebel 'Osha. The site was clearly not far from Succoth; but no certainty is yet possible.

W. Ewing


PENUEL - pe-nu'-el, pen'-u-el.


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