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Havvoth Jair

In Bible versions:

Havvoth Jair: NET
Havvoth-Jair: NET AVS TEV
Jaare-Oregim: AVS NIV TEV
Havvoth: NIV
Havvoth-jair: NRSV NASB
Jaare-oregim: NRSV NASB
a group of towns, a region
father of Elhanan of Bethlehem, who slew Goliath II the Gittite
son of Segub son of Hezron of Judah
a man of Gilead who judged Israel twenty-two years
son of Shime-i son of Kish of Benjamin; father of Mordecai
the father of Elhanan, who slew Lahmi the brother of Goliath

Jairus, my light; who diffuses light
Google Maps: Havvoth-jair (32° 2´, 35° 43´); Jair (32° 2´, 35° 43´)


Strongs #02334: ryay twx Chavvowth Ya`iyr

Havoth-jair = "villages of Jair"

1) certain villages on the east of Jordan, in Gilead or Bashan, which
were taken by Jair, the son of Manasseh, and called after his name;
60 or 23 or 30 cities in total

2334 Chavvowth Ya`iyr khav-vothe' yaw-eer'

from the plural of 2333 and a modification of 3265; hamlets
of Jair, a region of Palestine:-(Bashan- )Havoth-jair.
see HEBREW for 02333
see HEBREW for 03265

Strongs #02971: ryay Ya'iyr

Jair = "he enlightens"

1) a descendant of Manasseh who conquered many towns during the time
of the conquest
2) the Gileadite, a judge of Israel for 22 years during the time of
the judges; father of 30 sons
3) a Benjamite, son of Kish, and father of Mordecai
4) father of Elhanan, one of David's mighty warriors

2971 Ya'iyr yaw-ere'

from 215; enlightener; Jair, the name of four
see HEBREW for 0215

Strongs #03296: Mygra yrey Ya`arey 'Or@giym

Jaare-oregim = "forests of weaver"

1) a man of Bethlehem, father of Elhanan the giant slayer and one of
David's mighty warriors; also called 'Jair'

3296 Ya`arey 'Orgiym yah-ar-ay' o-reg-eem'

from the plural of 3293 and the masculine plural active
participle of 707; woods of weavers; Jaare-Oregim, an
see HEBREW for 03293
see HEBREW for 0707

Strongs #03265: rwey Ya`uwr

Jair = "forested"

1) father of Elhanan the giant slayer, one of David's mighty warriors
1a) also called 'Jaare-oregim'

3265 Ya`uwr yaw-oor'

apparently the passive participle of the same as 3293;
wooded; Jaur, an Israelite:-Jair(from the margin).
see HEBREW for 03293

Jaare-oregim [EBD]

forests of the weavers, a Bethlehemite (2 Sam. 21:19), and the father of Elhanan, who slew Goliath. In 1 Chr. 20:5 called JAIR.

Jair [EBD]

enlightener. (1.) The son of Segub. He was brought up with his mother in Gilead, where he had possessions (1 Chr. 2:22). He distinguished himself in an expedition against Bashan, and settled in the part of Argob on the borders of Gilead. The small towns taken by him there are called Havoth-jair, i.e., "Jair's villages" (Num. 32:41; Deut. 3:14; Josh. 13:30).

(2.) The eighth judge of Israel, which he ruled for twenty-two years. His opulence is described in Judg. 10:3-5. He had thirty sons, each riding on "ass colts." They had possession of thirty of the sixty cities (1 Kings 4:13; 1 Chr. 2:23) which formed the ancient Havoth-jair.

(3.) A Benjamite, the father of Mordecai, Esther's uncle (Esther 2:5).

(4.) The father of Elhanan, who slew Lahmi, the brother of Goliath (1 Chr. 20:5).

Havvoth Jair [NAVE]

See: Havoth-jair.

Jaare-oregim [NAVE]

JAARE-OREGIM, father of Elhanan, 2 Sam. 21:19.

Jair [NAVE]

1. Son of Manasseh. Founder of twenty-three cities in Gilead, Num. 32:41; Deut. 3:14; Josh. 13:30; 1 Kin. 4:13; 1 Chr. 2:22, 23.
2. A judge of Israel, Judg. 10:3-5.
3. A Benjamite, Esth. 2:5.
4. Father of Elhanan, 1 Chr. 20:5.


  1. A man who on his father?s side was descended from Judah, and on his mother?s from Manasseh. (B.C. 1451.) During, the conquest he took the whole of the tract of Argob (3:14) and in addition possessed himself of some nomad villages in Gilead, which he called after his own name Havoth-Jair. (Numbers 32:41; 1 Chronicles 2:23)
  2. JAIR THE GILEADITE, who judged Israel for two-and-twenty years. (Judges 10:3-5) (B.C. 1160.) He had thirty sons, and possessed thirty cities in the land of Gilead, which like those of their namesakes were called Havoth-jair.
  3. A Benjamite, son of Kish and father of Mordecai. (Esther 2:5) (B.C. before 598.)
  4. The father of Elhanan, one of the heroes of David?s army. (1 Chronicles 20:6)


HAVVOTH-JAIR - hav-oth-ja'-ir (chawwoth ya'ir "the encampments" or "tent villages of Jair"; the King James Version Havoth-Jair, ha-voth-ja'ir): The word chawwoth occurs only in this combination (Nu 32:41; Dt 3:14; Jdg 10:4), and is a legacy from the nomadic stage of Hebrew life. Jair had thirty sons who possessed thirty "cities," and these are identified with Havvoth-jair in Jdg 10:3 ff. The district was in Gilead (10:5; Nu 32:41). In Dt 3:13 f, it is identified with Bashan and Argob; but in 1 Ki 4:13, "the towns of Jair" are said to be in Gilead; while to him also "pertained the region of Argob, which is in Bashan, threescore great cities with walls and brazen bars." There is evident confusion here. If we follow Jdg 10:3 ff, we may find a useful clue in 10:5. Kamon is named as the burial place of Jair. This probably corresponds to Kamun taken by Antiochus III, on his march from Pella to Gephrun (Polyb. v.70, 12). Schumacher (Northern `Ajlun, 137) found two places to the West of Irbid with the names Qamm and Qumeim (the latter a diminutive of the former) with ancient ruins. Qamm probably represents the Hebrew Qamon, so that Havvoth-jair should most likely be sought in this district, i.e. in North Gilead, between the Jordan Valley and Jebel ez-Zumleh.

W. Ewing


JAARE-OREGIM - ja'-a-re-or'-e-jim, -or'e-gim (ya`are'oreghim): In 2 Sam 21:19, given as the name of a Bethlehemite, father of Elhanan, who is said to have slain Goliath the Gittite (compare 1 Sam 17). The name is not likely to be a man's name; the second part means "weavers" and occurs also as the last word of the verse in the Massoretic Text, so it is probably a scribal error here due to repetition. The first part is taken to be (1) an error for ya`ir (see JAIR), which is to be read in the parallel section in 1 Ch 20:5; (2) in 2 Sam 23:24 Elhanan is the son of Dodo, also a Bethlehemite, and Klostermann would read here Dodai as the name of Elhanan's father.

David Francis Roberts


JAIR - ja'-er:

(1) Jair (ya'ir, "he enlightens" or "one giving light"):

(a) Son, i.e. descendant of Manasseh (Nu 32:41; Dt 3:14; Josh 13:30; 1 Ki 4:13:1 Ch 2:22 f). According to 1 Ch 2:21 f he was the son of ScRub, son of Hezron, a descendant of Judah, who married the daughter of Machir, son of Manasseh. He was thus descended both from Judah and Manasseh. At the time of the conquest he distinguished himself by taking the tent-villages HAVVOTH-JAIR (which see). The accounts of his exploit are difficult to harmonize (see ICC on above passages). Some would identify him with the Jair of Jdg 10:3, holding that Manasseh's settlement in Northern Gilead and Bashan took place, not before Israel's passage of the Jordan, but after the settlement of the tribe on the West. For a criticism of this view see HGHL, 577, note

(b) One of the judges. He is said to have had 30 sons, who rode on 30 ass colts, and who had as many cities, known as Havvoth-jair (Jdg 10:3,4). One tradition identifies (a) and (b). Others reconcile the two narratives by interpreting the word "son" in a non-literal sense.

(c) The father of Mordecai (Est 2:5). In the Apocrypha (Additions to Esther 11:2) his name is given as "Jairus" (Iaeiros).

(2) Jair (Qere: ya`ir, "he arouses"; Kethibh: ya`ur; a different name from (1) above): The father of Elhanan, the giant-slayer (1 Ch 20:5). In the parallel passage (2 Sam 21:19) his name is given as "Jaare-oregim," but the text should be corrected to Jair, "oregim" ('oreghim) having crept in from the line below through a copyist's error.

James Crichton

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