Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 18:21

Context
NET ©

But you choose 1  from the people capable men, 2  God-fearing, 3  men of truth, 4  those who hate bribes, 5  and put them over the people 6  as rulers 7  of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

NIV ©

But select capable men from all the people—men who fear God, trustworthy men who hate dishonest gain—and appoint them as officials over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.

NASB ©

"Furthermore, you shall select out of all the people able men who fear God, men of truth, those who hate dishonest gain; and you shall place these over them as leaders of thousands, of hundreds, of fifties and of tens.

NLT ©

But find some capable, honest men who fear God and hate bribes. Appoint them as judges over groups of one thousand, one hundred, fifty, and ten.

MSG ©

And then you need to keep a sharp eye out for competent men--men who fear God, men of integrity, men who are incorruptible--and appoint them as leaders over groups organized by the thousand, by the hundred, by fifty, and by ten.

BBE ©

But for the rest, take from among the people able men, such as have the fear of God, true men hating profits wrongly made; and put such men over them, to be captains of thousands, captains of hundreds and of fifties and of tens;

NRSV ©

You should also look for able men among all the people, men who fear God, are trustworthy, and hate dishonest gain; set such men over them as officers over thousands, hundreds, fifties and tens.

NKJV ©

"Moreover you shall select from all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them to be rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.


KJV
Moreover thou shalt provide
<02372> (8799)
out of all the people
<05971>
able
<02428>
men
<0582>_,
such as fear
<03373>
God
<0430>_,
men
<0582>
of truth
<0571>_,
hating
<08130> (8802)
covetousness
<01215>_;
and place
<07760> (8804)
[such] over them, [to be] rulers
<08269>
of thousands
<0505>_,
[and] rulers
<08269>
of hundreds
<03967>_,
rulers
<08269>
of fifties
<02572>_,
and rulers
<08269>
of tens
<06235>_:
NASB ©
"Furthermore, you shall select
<02372>
out of all
<03605>
the people
<05971>
able
<02428>
men
<0376>
who fear
<03372>
God
<0430>
, men
<0376>
of truth
<0571>
, those who hate
<08130>
dishonest
<01215>
gain
<01215>
; and you shall place
<07760>
these over
<05921>
them as leaders
<08269>
of thousands
<0505>
, of hundreds
<03967>
, of fifties
<02572>
and of tens
<06235>
.
HEBREW
trve
<06235>
yrvw
<08269>
Mysmx
<02572>
yrv
<08269>
twam
<03967>
yrv
<08269>
Mypla
<0505>
yrv
<08269>
Mhle
<05921>
tmvw
<07760>
eub
<01215>
yanv
<08130>
tma
<0571>
ysna
<0376>
Myhla
<0430>
yary
<03373>
lyx
<02428>
ysna
<0376>
Meh
<05971>
lkm
<03605>
hzxt
<02372>
htaw (18:21)
<0859>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
su
<4771
P-NS
seautw
<4572
D-DSM
skeqai {V-AMD-2S} apo
<575
PREP
pantov
<3956
A-GSM
tou
<3588
T-GSM
laou
<2992
N-GSM
andrav
<435
N-APM
dunatouv
<1415
A-APM
yeosebeiv
<2318
A-APM
andrav
<435
N-APM
dikaiouv
<1342
A-APM
misountav
<3404
V-PAPAP
uperhfanian
<5243
N-ASF
kai
<2532
CONJ
katasthseiv
<2525
V-FAI-2S
autouv
<846
D-APM
ep
<1909
PREP
autwn
<846
D-GPM
ciliarcouv
<5506
N-APM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ekatontarcouv {N-APM} kai
<2532
CONJ
penthkontarcouv {N-APM} kai
<2532
CONJ
dekadarcouv {N-APM}
NET © [draft] ITL
But you
<0859>
choose
<02372>
from the people
<05971>
capable
<02428>
men
<0376>
, God-fearing
<0430>
, men
<0376>
of truth
<0571>
, those who hate
<08130>
bribes
<01215>
, and put
<07760>
them over
<05921>
the people as rulers
<08269>
of thousands
<0505>
, rulers
<08269>
of hundreds
<03967>
, rulers
<08269>
of fifties
<02572>
, and rulers
<08269>
of tens
<06235>
.
NET ©

But you choose 1  from the people capable men, 2  God-fearing, 3  men of truth, 4  those who hate bribes, 5  and put them over the people 6  as rulers 7  of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

NET © Notes

tn The construction uses the independent pronoun for emphasis, and then the imperfect tense “see” (חָזָה, khazah) – “and you will see from all….” Both in Hebrew and Ugaritic expressions of “seeing” are used in the sense of choosing (Gen 41:33). See U. Cassuto, Exodus, 220.

tn The expression is אַנְשֵׁי־חַיִל (’anshe khayil, “capable men”). The attributive genitive is the word used in expressions like “mighty man of valor.” The word describes these men as respected, influential, powerful people, those looked up to by the community as leaders, and those who will have the needs of the community in mind.

tn The description “fearers of God” uses an objective genitive. It describes them as devout, worshipful, obedient servants of God.

tn The expression “men of truth” (אַנְשֵׁי אֱמֶת, ’ansheemet) indicates that these men must be seekers of truth, who know that the task of a judge is to give true judgment (U. Cassuto, Exodus, 220). The word “truth” includes the ideas of faithfulness or reliability, as well as factuality itself. It could be understood to mean “truthful men,” men whose word is reliable and true.

tn Heb “haters of bribes.” Here is another objective genitive, one that refers to unjust gain. To hate unjust gain is to reject and refuse it. Their decisions will not be swayed by greed.

tn Heb “over them”; the referent (the people) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

sn It is not clear how this structure would work in a judicial setting. The language of “captains of thousands,” etc., is used more for military ranks. There must have been more detailed instruction involved here, for each Israelite would have come under four leaders with this arrangement, and perhaps difficult cases would be sent to the next level. But since the task of these men would also involve instruction and guidance, the breakdown would be very useful. Deut 1:9, 13 suggest that the choice of these people was not simply Moses’ alone.



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