When the righteous thrive, the people rejoice; when the wicked rule, the people groan.
When the righteous increase, the people rejoice, But when a wicked man rules, people groan.
When the godly are in authority, the people rejoice. But when the wicked are in power, they groan.
When good people run things, everyone is glad, but when the ruler is bad, everyone groans.
When the upright have power, the people are glad; when an evil man is ruler, grief comes on the people.
When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice; but when the wicked rule, the people groan.
When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice; But when a wicked man rules, the people groan.
|NET © [draft] ITL|
|NET © Notes||
1 tn The Hebrew form בִּרְבוֹת (birvot) is the Qal infinitive construct of רָבָה (ravah) with a בּ (bet) preposition, forming a temporal clause with a subjective genitive following it. It is paralleled in the second colon by the same construction, showing the antithesis: וּבִמְשֹׁל (uvimshol), “and when the wicked rule.” Some commentators wish to change the first verb to make it parallel this more closely, e.g., רָדָה (radah, “to rule”), but that would be too neat and is completely unsupported. The contrast is between when the righteous increase and when the wicked rule. It is not hard to see how this contrast works out in society.
2 tn The Niphal verb אָנַח (’anakh) means “to sigh; to groan,” usually because of grief or physical and emotional distress. The word is a metonymy of effect; the cause is the oppression and distress due to evil rulers.