Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Hosea 7:4

Context
NET ©

They are all like bakers, 1  they 2  are like a smoldering oven; they are like a baker who does not stoke the fire until the kneaded dough is ready for baking.

NIV ©

They are all adulterers, burning like an oven whose fire the baker need not stir from the kneading of the dough till it rises.

NASB ©

They are all adulterers, Like an oven heated by the baker Who ceases to stir up the fire From the kneading of the dough until it is leavened.

NLT ©

They are all adulterers, always aflame with lust. They are like an oven that is kept hot even while the baker is still kneading the dough.

MSG ©

They're a bunch of overheated adulterers, like an oven that holds its heat From the kneading of the dough to the rising of the bread.

BBE ©

They are all untrue; they are like a burning oven; the bread-maker does not make up the fire from the time when the paste is mixed till it is leavened.

NRSV ©

They are all adulterers; they are like a heated oven, whose baker does not need to stir the fire, from the kneading of the dough until it is leavened.

NKJV ©

"They are all adulterers. Like an oven heated by a baker––He ceases stirring the fire after kneading the dough, Until it is leavened.


KJV
They [are] all adulterers
<05003> (8764)_,
as an oven
<08574>
heated
<01197> (8802)
by the baker
<0644> (8802)_,
[who] ceaseth
<07673> (8799)
from raising
<05782> (8800)
after he hath kneaded
<03888> (8800)
the dough
<01217>_,
until it be leavened
<02556> (8800)_.
{who...: or, the raiser will cease} {raising: or, waking}
NASB ©
They are all
<03605>
adulterers
<05003>
, Like
<03644>
an oven
<08574>
heated
<01197>
by the baker
<0644>
Who ceases
<07673>
to stir
<05782>
up the fire From the kneading
<03888>
of the dough
<01217>
until
<05704>
it is leavened
<02556>
.
HEBREW
wtumx
<02556>
de
<05704>
qub
<01217>
swlm
<03888>
ryem
<05782>
twbsy
<07673>
hpam
<0644>
hreb
<01197>
rwnt
<08574>
wmk
<03644>
Mypanm
<05003>
Mlk (7:4)
<03605>
LXXM
pantev
<3956
A-NPM
moiceuontev
<3431
V-PAPNP
wv
<3739
CONJ
klibanov
<2823
A-NSM
kaiomenov
<2545
V-PMPNS
eiv
<1519
PREP
peqin {N-ASF} katakaumatov {N-GSN} apo
<575
PREP
thv
<3588
T-GSF
flogov
<5395
N-GSF
apo
<575
PREP
furasewv {N-GSF} steatov {N-GSN} ewv
<2193
PREP
tou
<3588
T-GSN
zumwyhnai {V-APN} auto
<846
D-ASN
NET © [draft] ITL
They are all
<03605>
like bakers
<05003>
, they are like
<03644>
a smoldering
<01197>
oven
<08574>
; they are like a baker
<0644>
who does not
<07673>
stoke
<05782>
the fire until
<05704>
the kneaded
<03888>
dough
<01217>
is ready for baking
<02556>
.
NET ©

They are all like bakers, 1  they 2  are like a smoldering oven; they are like a baker who does not stoke the fire until the kneaded dough is ready for baking.

NET © Notes

tc The MT reads מְנָאֲפִים (mÿnaafim, “adulterers”; Piel participle masculine plural from נָאַף, naaf, “to commit adultery”), which does not seem to fit the context. The original reading was probably אוֹפִים (’ofim, “bakers”; Qal participle masculine plural from אָפַה, ’afah, “to bake”), which harmonizes well with the baker/oven/fire motif in 7:4-7. The textual deviation was caused by: (1) confusion of נ (nun) and ו (vav), (2) metathesis of נ/ו (nun/vav) and א (alef), and (3) dittography of מ (mem) from the preceding word. Original כֻּלָּם אוֹפִים (kullamofim, “all of them are bakers”) was confused for כֻּלָּם מְנָאֲפִים (“all of them are adulterers”). In spite of this most English versions follow the reading of the MT here.

tc The MT preserves the enigmatic כְּמוֹ תַנּוּר בֹּעֵרָה מֵ (kÿmo tannur boerah me, “Like a burning oven, from…?”). The adjectival participle בֹּעֵרָה (“burning”) is feminine while the noun תַנּוּר (tannur, “oven”) that it modifies is masculine. The BHS editors solve this problem by simply redividing the words: כְּמוֹ תַנּוּר בֹּעֵר הֵם (cÿmo tannur boer hem, “they are like a burning oven”). This solution is followed by many English versions (e.g., NCV, NRSV, NLT).



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