23:17 The Babylonians crawled into bed with her. 1 They defiled her with their lust; after she was defiled by them, she 2 became disgusted with them.
23:23 the Babylonians and all the Chaldeans, Pekod, 3 Shoa, 4 and Koa, 5 and all the Assyrians with them, desirable young men, all of them governors and officials, officers and nobles, all of them riding on horses.
1 tn Heb “The sons of Babel came to her on a bed of love.”
2 tn Heb “her soul.”
3 sn Pekod was the name of an Aramean tribe (known as Puqudu in Mesopotamian texts) that lived in the region of the Tigris River.
4 sn Shoa was the name of a nomadic people (the Sutu) that lived in Mesopotamia.
5 sn Koa was the name of another Mesopotamian people group (the Qutu).