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Isaiah 61:3

Context

61:3 to strengthen those who mourn in Zion,

by giving them a turban, instead of ashes,

oil symbolizing joy, 1  instead of mourning,

a garment symbolizing praise, 2  instead of discouragement. 3 

They will be called oaks of righteousness, 4 

trees planted by the Lord to reveal his splendor. 5 

1 tn Heb “oil of joy” (KJV, ASV); NASB, NIV, NRSV “the oil of gladness.”

2 tn Heb “garment of praise.”

3 tn Heb “a faint spirit” (so NRSV); KJV, ASV “the spirit of heaviness”; NASB “a spirit of fainting.”

4 tn Rather than referring to the character of the people, צֶדֶק (tsedeq) may carry the nuance “vindication” here, suggesting that God’s restored people are a testimony to his justice. See v. 2, which alludes to the fact that God will take vengeance against the enemies of his people. Cf. NAB “oaks of justice.”

5 tn Heb “a planting of the Lord to reveal splendor.”



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