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Genesis 19:22-23

Context
19:22 Run there quickly, 1  for I cannot do anything until you arrive there.” (This incident explains why the town was called Zoar.) 2 

19:23 The sun had just risen 3  over the land as Lot reached Zoar. 4 

1 tn Heb “Be quick! Escape to there!” The two imperatives form a verbal hendiadys, the first becoming adverbial.

2 tn Heb “Therefore the name of the city is called Zoar.” The name of the place, צוֹעַר (tsoar) apparently means “Little Place,” in light of the wordplay with the term “little” (מִצְעָר, mitsar) used twice by Lot to describe the town (v. 20).

3 sn The sun had just risen. There was very little time for Lot to escape between dawn (v. 15) and sunrise (here).

4 tn The juxtaposition of the two disjunctive clauses indicates synchronic action. The first action (the sun’s rising) occurred as the second (Lot’s entering Zoar) took place. The disjunctive clauses also signal closure for the preceding scene.



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