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Heli

In Bible versions:

Heli: NET AVS NIV NRSV TEV
Eli: NET AVS NIV NRSV NASB TEV
a high priest and judge of Israel; son (descendant) of Ithamar

the offering or lifting up
ascending; climbing up
Arts:
Arts Topics: Portraits of Eli; The Boy Samuel, and Eli's Wicked Sons; The Death of Eli

Greek

Strongs #2242: Hli Heli

Heli = "ascending"

1) the father of Joseph, the husband of Mary

2242 Heli hay-lee'

of Hebrew origin (5941); Heli (i.e. Eli), an Israelite:-Heli.
see HEBREW for 05941

Hebrew

Strongs #05941: yle `Eliy

Eli = "ascension"

1) descendant of Aaron through Ithamar and high priest and judge of
Israel when Samuel entered service as a child

5941 `Eliy ay-lee'

from 5927; lofty; Eli, an Israelite high-priest:-Eli.
see HEBREW for 05927

Eli [EBD]

ascent, the high priest when the ark was at Shiloh (1 Sam. 1:3, 9). He was the first of the line of Ithamar, Aaron's fourth son (1 Chr. 24:3; comp. 2 Sam. 8:17), who held that office. The office remained in his family till the time of Abiathar (1 Kings 2:26, 27), whom Solomon deposed, and appointed Zadok, of the family of Eleazar, in his stead (35). He acted also as a civil judge in Israel after the death of Samson (1 Sam. 4:18), and judged Israel for forty years.

His sons Hophni and Phinehas grossly misconducted themselves, to the great disgust of the people (1 Sam. 2:27-36). They were licentious reprobates. He failed to reprove them so sternly as he ought to have done, and so brought upon his house the judgment of God (2:22-33; 3:18). The Israelites proclaimed war against the Philistines, whose army was encamped at Aphek. The battle, fought a short way beyond Mizpeh, ended in the total defeat of Israel. Four thousand of them fell in "battle array". They now sought safety in having the "ark of the covenant of the Lord" among them. They fetched it from Shiloh, and Hophni and Phinehas accompanied it. This was the first time since the settlement of Israel in Canaan that the ark had been removed from the sanctuary. The Philistines put themselves again in array against Israel, and in the battle which ensued "Israel was smitten, and there was a very great slaughter." The tidings of this great disaster were speedily conveyed to Shiloh, about 20 miles distant, by a messenger, a Benjamite from the army. There Eli sat outside the gate of the sanctuary by the wayside, anxiously waiting for tidings from the battle-field. The full extent of the national calamity was speedily made known to him: "Israel is fled before the Philistines, there has also been a great slaughter among the people, thy two sons Hophni and Phinehas are dead, and the ark of God is taken" (1 Sam. 4:12-18). When the old man, whose eyes were "stiffened" (i.e., fixed, as of a blind eye unaffected by the light) with age, heard this sad story of woe, he fell backward from off his seat and died, being ninety and eight years old. (See ITHAMAR.)

Eli, Heb. eli, "my God", (Matt. 27:46), an exclamation used by Christ on the cross. Mark (15:34), as usual, gives the original Aramaic form of the word, Eloi.

Heli [EBD]

elevation, father of Joseph in the line of our Lord's ancestry (Luke 3:23).

Lama [EBD]

(Matt. 27:46), a Hebrew word meaning why, quoted from Ps. 22:1.

Eli [NAVE]

ELI
High priest, 1 Sam. 1:25; 2:11; 1 Kin. 2:27.
Judge of Israel, 1 Sam. 4:18.
Misjudges and rebukes Haah, 1 Sam. 1:14.
His benediction upon Haah, 1 Sam. 1:17, 18; 2:20.
Officiates when Samuel is presented at the tabernacle, 1 Sam. 1:24-28.
Indulgent to his corrupt sons, 1 Sam. 2:22-25, 29; 3:11-14.
His solicitude for the ark, 1 Sam. 4:11-18.
Death of, 1 Sam. 4:18.
Prophecies of judgments upon his house, 1 Sam. 2:27-36; 3; with 1 Kin. 2:27.

Eloi [NAVE]

ELOI,
Mark 15:34.

Heli [NAVE]

HELI, father of Joseph, Luke 3:23.

Lama Sabachthani [NAVE]

LAMA SABACHTHANI, the dying wail of Jesus, Matt. 27:46; Mark 15:34.
See Psa. 22:1.

ELI [SMITH]

(ascension), a descendant of Aaron through Ithamar, the youngest of his two surviving sons. (Leviticus 10:1,2,12) comp. 1Kin 2:27 with 2Sam 8:17; 1Chr 24:3 (B.C. 1214-1116.) he was the first of the line of Ithamar who held the office of high priest. The office remained in his family till Abiathar was thrust out by Solomon, (1 Kings 1:7; 2:26,27) when it passed back again to the family of Eleazar int he person of Zadok. (1 Kings 2:35) Its return to the elder branch was one part of the punishment which had been denounced against Eli during his lifetime, for his culpable negligence. (1 Samuel 2:22-25) when his sons profaned the priesthood; comp. (1 Samuel 2:27-36) with 1Kin 2:27 Notwithstanding this one great blemish, the character of Eli is marked by eminent piety, as shown by his meek submission to the divine judgment, (1 Samuel 3:18) and his supreme regard for the ark of God. (1 Samuel 4:18) In addition to the office of high priest he held that of judge. He died at the advanced age of 98 years, (1 Samuel 4:18) In addition to the office of high priest he held that of judge. He died at the advanced age of 98 years, (1 Samuel 4:18) overcome by the disastrous intelligence that the ark of God had been taken in battle by the Philistines, who had also slain his sons Hophni and Phinehas.

HELI [SMITH]

(ascending), the father of Joseph the husband of the Virgin Mary, (Luke 13:23) perhaps the grandfather of Mary herself. [See GENEALOGY OF JESUS CHRIST OF JESUS CHRIST]

ELI [ISBE]

ELI - e'-li (`eli): A descendant of Ithamar, the fourth son of Aaron, who exercised the office of high priest in Shiloh at the time of the birth of Samuel. For the first time in Israel, Eli combined in his own person the functions of high priest and judge, judging Israel for 40 years (1 Sam 4:18). The incidents in Eli's life are few; indeed, the main interest of the narrative is in the other characters who are associated with him. The chief interest centers in Samuel. In Eli's first interview with Hannah (1 Sam 1:12 ff), she is the central figure; in the second interview (1 Sam 1:24 ff), it is the child Samuel. When Eli next appears, it is as the father of Hophni and Phinehas, whose worthless and licentious lives had profaned their priestly office, and earned for them the title "men of Belial" (or "worthlessness"). Eli administered no stern rebuke to his sons, but only a gentle chiding of their greed and immorality. Thereafter he was warned by a nameless prophet of the downfall of his house, and of the death of his two sons in one day (1 Sam 2:27-36), a message later confirmed by Samuel, who had received this word directly from Yahweh Himself (1 Sam 3:11 ff). The prophecy was not long in fulfillment. During the next invasion by the Philistines, the Israelites were utterly routed, the ark of God was captured, and Hophni and Phinehas were both slain. When the news reached Eli, he was so overcome that he "fell from off his seat backward by the side of the gate; and his neck brake, and he died" (1 Sam 4:18). The character of Eli, while sincere and devout, seems to have been entirely lacking in firmness. He appears from the history to have been a good man, full of humility and gentleness, but weak and indulgent. His is not a strong personality; he is always overshadowed by some more commanding or interesting figure.

A. C. Grant

ELOI [ISBE]

ELOI - e'-loi, e-lo'-i.

See GOD, NAMES OF.

ELOI; ELOI; LAMA; SABACHTHA; ELI; ELI; LAMA SABACHTHANI [ISBE]

ELOI; ELOI; LAMA; SABACHTHA; ELI; ELI; LAMA SABACHTHANI - e'-loi, e-lo'i, la'-ma, sa-bakh-tha'-ni, or (Eloi, eloi, lama sabachthanei): The forms of the first word as translated vary in the two narratives, being in Mark as first above and in Mt as in second reading. With some perversions of form probably from Ps 22:1 ('eli 'eli lamah `azabhtani). A statement uttered by Jesus on the cross just before his death, translated, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" (Mt 27:46; Mk 15:34).

There is an interesting but difficult problem in connection with the interpretation of this passage. There seems to be a mixture of Aramaic and Hebrew. The first two words, whether in Hebrew or Aramaic, have sufficient similarity to each other and each sufficient similarity to the name itself to warrant the jeer that Jesus was calling upon Elias, or the sincere supposition of those who might not fully understand the language, that he was actually calling on Elias. The forms lema and lama used in Matthew and Mark respectively (Westcott and Hort, The New Testament in Greek) represent the various possible forms, the first the Aramaic, and the second the Hebrew. The various readings and translations of the latter word, sabachthani, only add confusion to an effort at ultimate explanation of the real statement. Certainly the influence of the Aramaic played a geat part in the translation and transmission of the original. The spirit revealed by Jesus in this utterance seems to be very much like that displayed in the Garden when He cried out to have the cup removed from Him.

Walter G. Clippinger

HELI [ISBE]

HELI - he'-li (Helei for `eli):

(1) The father of Joseph, the husband of Mary, in Luke's account of the genealogy of Jesus (Lk 3:23).

(2) An ancestor of Ezra (2 Esdras 1:2).

LAMA [ISBE]

LAMA - See ELI, ELI, LAMA, SABACHTHANI.




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