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HEBREW: 7530 Pur Retseph
NAVE: Rezeph
EBD: Rezeph
Reviling | Revivals | Revive | Revolt | Reward | Rezeph | Rezia | Rezin | Rezon | Rhegium | Rhesa


In Bible versions:

a nation (town-state)

pavement; burning coal
Google Maps: Rezeph (35° 57´, 39° 0´)


Strongs #07530: Pur Retseph

Rezeph = "a hot stone"

1) a place conquered by Assyria

7530 Retseph reh'-tsef

the same as 7529; Retseph, a place in Assyrian:-Rezeph.
see HEBREW for 07529

Rezeph [EBD]

solid; a stone, (2 Kings 19:12; Isa. 37:12), a fortress near Haran, probably on the west of the Euphrates, conquered by Sennacherib.

Rezeph [NAVE]

REZEPH, a city destroyed by the Assyrians, 2 Kin. 19:12; Isa. 37:12.


(a hot stone), one of the places which Sennacherib mentions, in his taunting message to Hezekiah, as having been destroyed by his predecessor. (2 Kings 19:12; Isaiah 37:12)


REZEPH - re'-zef (retseph;

1. Forms of the Name:

Codex Vaticanus Rhapheis; Rhaphes; Codex Alexandrinus ten Rhapheth (2 Ki 19:12), B Q margin Rhapheth Codex Sinaiticus Q Rhafes; Codex Alexandrinus Rhapheis (Isa 37:12); Vulgate (Jerome's Latin Bible, 390-405 A.D.) Roseph (2 Ki 19:12), Reseph (Isa 37:12)): One of the places referred to by Sennacherib's Rabshakeh when delivering that king's message to Hezekigh demanding the surrender of Jerusalem. The names which precede are Gozan and Haran; and "the children of Eden that were Telassar" follows.

2. Now Called Rucafa:

It is now represented by Rucafa, East of Tipsah and Northeast of Hamath, and is regarded as the (Rhesapha) of Ptolemy (v.15). It was for some time under Assyrian dominion, and appears in a geographical list (2 R 53, 37a) preceded by Arrapba (Arrapachitis) and Halabbu (Halah), and followed by Tamnunu, uder the form of Rasappa (elsewhere Racapi).

3. Its Assyrian Governors:

From the Eponym Canons, Ninip-kibsi-ucur was, it appears, prefect in 839 BC, Uras-eres from 804 to 775 BC, Sin-sallimanni in 747, and Bel-emuranni in 737 BC. Judging from their names, all these were Assyrians, but a seemingly native governor, Abda'u (or Abda'i), possibly later than the foregoina, is mentioned in a list of officials (K. 9921). Yabutu was sanu (deputy-governor?) of Rezeph in 673 BC. Its mention in the Assyrian geographical lists implies that Rezeph was an important trade-center in Old Testament times.

T. G. Pinches

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