In Bible versions:
a person/people descended from Canaan son of Ham son of Noah
Hivite = "villagers"
1) 6th generation of descendants of Canaan, the son of Ham, who were
living in northern Canaan near Mount Hermon at the time of the conquest
2340 Chivviy khiv-vee'
perhaps from 2333; a villager; a Chivvite, one of the
aboriginal tribes of Palestine:-Hivite.
see HEBREW for 02333
one of the original tribes scattered over Palestine, from Hermon to Gibeon in the south. The name is interpreted as "midlanders" or "villagers" (Gen. 10:17; 1 Chr. 1:15). They were probably a branch of the Hittites. At the time of Jacob's return to Canaan, Hamor the Hivite was the "prince of the land" (Gen. 24:2-28).
They are next mentioned during the Conquest (Josh. 9:7; 11:19). They principally inhabited the northern confines of Western Palestine (Josh. 11:3; Judg. 3:3). A remnant of them still existed in the time of Solomon (1 Kings 9:20).
descendants --the six in order-- of Canaan the son of Ham. (Genesis 10:17
; 1Ã‚Â Chronicles 1:15
) We first encounter the actual people of the Hivites at the time of Jacob?s return to Canaan. (Genesis 34:2
) We next meet with the Hivites during the conquest of Canaan. (Joshua 9:7
) The main body of the Hivites were at this time living in the northern confines of western Palestine-- "under Hermon, in the land of Mizpeh," (Joshua 11:3
) --"in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal Hermon to the entering in of Hamath." (Judges 3:3
) comp. 2Sam 24:7
- hi'-vit (chiwwni; Heuaios):
A son of Canaan (Gen 10:17), i.e. an inhabitant of the land of Canaan along with the Canaanite and other tribes (Ex 3:17, etc.). In the list of Canaanite peoples given in Gen 15:19-21, the Hivites are omitted in the Hebrew text, though inserted in Septuagint and S. Gesenius suggests that the name is descriptive, meaning "villagers." The difficulty of explaining it is increased by the fact that it has been confused with "Horite" in some passages of the Hebrew text. In Josh 9:7 the Septuagint reads "Horite" as also does Codex A in Gen 34:2, and in Gen 36:2 a comparison with 36:24,25 shows that "Horite" must be substituted for "Hivite."
2. Geographical Situation:
In Jdg 3:3 the Hittites are described as dwelling "in Mount Lebanon, from Mount Baal-hermon unto the entrance of Hamath," and in accordance with this the Hivite is described in Josh 11:3 as being "under Hermon in the land of Mizpeh," and in 2 Sam 24:7 they are mentioned immediately after "the stronghold of Tyre." Hence, the Septuagint (Codex Alexandrinus) reading must be right in Gen 34:2 and Josh 9:7, which makes the inhabitants of Shechem and Gibeon Horites instead of Hivites; indeed, in Gen 48:22 the people of Shechem are called Amorite, though this was a general name for the population of Canaan in the patriarchal period. No name resembling Hivite has yet been found in the Egyptian or Babylonian inscriptions.
A. H. Sayce