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GREEK: 1179 dekapoliv Dekapolis
NAVE: Decapolis
ISBE: DECAPOLIS
Debir | Deborah | Debtor | Decalogue | Decapitation | Decapolis | Decay | Decease, In New Testament | Decease, In The Old Testament And Apocyphra | Deceit | Deceivableness

Decapolis

In Bible versions:

Decapolis: NET AVS NIV NRSV NASB TEV
a large region south of the Sea of Galilee mainly east of the Jordan

containing ten cities
Google Maps: Decapolis (33° 31´, 36° 18´)

Greek

Strongs #1179: dekapoliv Dekapolis

Decapolis = "ten cities"

1) a track of land so called from the ten cities that were in it
1a) according to Pliny, these cities were:
Damascus, Opoton, Philadelphia, Raphana, Scythopolis,
Gadara, Hippondion, Pella, Galasa, and Canatha (Gill)

1179 Dekapolis dek-ap'-ol-is

from 1176 and 4172; the ten-city region; the Decapolis, a district in
Syria:-Decapolis.
see GREEK for 1176
see GREEK for 4172

Decapolis [NAVE]

DECAPOLIS
Ten cities situated in one district on the east of the Sea of Galilee, Matt. 4:25; Mark 5:20; 7:31.

DECAPOLIS [ISBE]

DECAPOLIS - de-kap'-o-lis (Dekapolis): The name given to the region occupied by a league of "ten cities" (Mt 4:25; Mk 5:20; 7:31), which Eusebius defines (in Onomastica) as "lying in the Peraea, round Hippos, Pella and Gadara." Such combinations of Greek cities arose as Rome assumed dominion in the East, to promote their common interests in trade and commerce, and for mutual protection against the peoples surrounding them. This particular league seems to have been constituted about the time of Pompey's campaign in Syria, 65 BC, by which several cities in Decapolis dated their eras. They were independent of the local tetrarchy, and answerable directly to the governor of Syria. They enjoyed the rights of association and asylum; they struck their own coinage, paid imperial taxes and were liable to military service (Ant., XIV, iv, 4; BJ, I, vii, 7; II, xviii, 3; III, ix, 7; Vita, 65, 74). Of the ten cities, Scythopolis, the ancient Bethshean, alone, the capital of the league, was on the West side of Jordan. The names given by Pliny (NH, v.18) are Scythopolis (Beisan), Hippos (Susiyeh), Gadara (Umm Qeis), Pella (Fahil), Philadelphia (`Amman), Gerasa (Jerash), Dion (Adun?), Canatha (Qanawat), Damascus and Raphana. The last named is not identified, and Dion is uncertain. Other cities joined the league, and Ptolemy, who omits Raphans, gives a list of 18. The Greek inhabitants were never on good terms with the Jews; and the herd of swine (Mk 5:11 ff) indicates contempt for what was probably regarded as Jewish prejudice. The ruins still seen at Gadara, but especially at Kanawat (see KENATH) and Jerash, of temples, theaters and other public buildings, attest the splendor of these cities in their day.

W. Ewing




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