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Genesis 16:3

Context

16:3 So after Abram had lived 1  in Canaan for ten years, Sarai, Abram’s wife, gave Hagar, her Egyptian servant, 2  to her husband to be his wife. 3 

Genesis 21:5

Context
21:5 (Now Abraham was a hundred years old when his son Isaac was born to him.) 4 

1 tn Heb “at the end of ten years, to live, Abram.” The prepositional phrase introduces the temporal clause, the infinitive construct serves as the verb, and the name “Abram” is the subject.

2 tn Heb “the Egyptian, her female servant.”

3 sn To be his wife. Hagar became a slave wife, not on equal standing with Sarai. However, if Hagar produced the heir, she would be the primary wife in the eyes of society. When this eventually happened, Hagar become insolent, prompting Sarai’s anger.

4 tn The parenthetical disjunctive clause underscores how miraculous this birth was. Abraham was 100 years old. The fact that the genealogies give the ages of the fathers when their first son is born shows that this was considered a major milestone in one’s life (G. J. Wenham, Genesis [WBC], 2:80).



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