“Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh. 7
10:15 And you, Capernaum, 8 will you be exalted to heaven? 9 No, you will be thrown down to Hades! 10
18:14 I tell you that this man went down to his home justified 11 rather than the Pharisee. 12 For everyone who exalts 13 himself will be humbled, but he who humbles himself will be exalted.”
1 tn Or “rulers.”
2 tn Or “those of humble position”
sn The contrast between the mighty and those of lowly position is fundamental for Luke. God cares for those that the powerful ignore (Luke 4:18-19).
3 sn Good things refers not merely to material blessings, but blessings that come from knowing God.
5 sn You who hunger are people like the poor Jesus has already mentioned. The term has OT roots both in conjunction with the poor (Isa 32:6-7; 58:6-7, 9-10; Ezek 18:7, 16) or by itself (Ps 37:16-19; 107:9).
6 sn The promise you will be satisfied is the first of several “reversals” noted in these promises. The beatitudes and the reversals that accompany them serve in the sermon as an invitation to enter into God’s care, because one can know God cares for those who turn to him.
7 sn You will laugh alludes to the joy that comes to God’s people in the salvation to come.
8 sn Capernaum was a town on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee, 680 ft (204 m) below sea level. It was a major trade and economic center in the North Galilean region.
9 tn The interrogative particle introducing this question expects a negative reply.
11 sn The prayer that was heard and honored was the one given with humility; in a surprising reversal it was the tax collector who went down to his home justified.