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Luke 1:52-53


1:52 He has brought down the mighty 1  from their thrones, and has lifted up those of lowly position; 2 

1:53 he has filled the hungry with good things, 3  and has sent the rich away empty. 4 

Luke 6:21


6:21 “Blessed are you who hunger 5  now, for you will be satisfied. 6 

“Blessed are you who weep now, for you will laugh. 7 

Luke 10:15

10:15 And you, Capernaum, 8  will you be exalted to heaven? 9  No, you will be thrown down to Hades! 10 

Luke 18:14

18:14 I tell you that this man went down to his home justified 11  rather than the Pharisee. 12  For everyone who exalts 13  himself will be humbled, but he who humbles himself will be exalted.”

1 tn Or “rulers.”

2 tn Or “those of humble position”

sn The contrast between the mighty and those of lowly position is fundamental for Luke. God cares for those that the powerful ignore (Luke 4:18-19).

3 sn Good things refers not merely to material blessings, but blessings that come from knowing God.

4 sn Another fundamental contrast of Luke’s is between the hungry and the rich (Luke 6:20-26).

5 sn You who hunger are people like the poor Jesus has already mentioned. The term has OT roots both in conjunction with the poor (Isa 32:6-7; 58:6-7, 9-10; Ezek 18:7, 16) or by itself (Ps 37:16-19; 107:9).

6 sn The promise you will be satisfied is the first of several “reversals” noted in these promises. The beatitudes and the reversals that accompany them serve in the sermon as an invitation to enter into God’s care, because one can know God cares for those who turn to him.

7 sn You will laugh alludes to the joy that comes to God’s people in the salvation to come.

8 sn Capernaum was a town on the northwest shore of the Sea of Galilee, 680 ft (204 m) below sea level. It was a major trade and economic center in the North Galilean region.

map For location see Map1 D2; Map2 C3; Map3 B2.

9 tn The interrogative particle introducing this question expects a negative reply.

10 sn In the OT, Hades was known as Sheol. It is the place where the unrighteous will reside (Matt 11:23; Luke 16:23; Rev 20:13-14).

11 sn The prayer that was heard and honored was the one given with humility; in a surprising reversal it was the tax collector who went down to his home justified.

12 tn Grk “the other”; the referent (the Pharisee, v. 10) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

13 sn Everyone who exalts himself. See Luke 14:11. Jesus often called for humility and condemned those who sought honor.

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