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Genesis 16:11

16:11 Then the Lord’s angel said to her,

“You are now 1  pregnant

and are about to give birth 2  to a son.

You are to name him Ishmael, 3 

for the Lord has heard your painful groans. 4 

Genesis 38:24


38:24 After three months Judah was told, 5  “Your daughter-in-law Tamar has turned to prostitution, 6  and as a result she has become pregnant.” 7  Judah said, “Bring her out and let her be burned!”

1 tn The particle הִנֵּה (hinneh) focuses on her immediate situation: “Here you are pregnant.”

2 tn The active participle refers here to something that is about to happen.

3 sn The name Ishmael consists of the imperfect or jussive form of the Hebrew verb with the theophoric element added as the subject. It means “God hears” or “may God hear.”

4 tn Heb “affliction,” which must refer here to Hagar’s painful groans of anguish.

sn This clause gives the explanation of the name Ishmael, using a wordplay. Ishmael’s name will be a reminder that “God hears” Hagar’s painful cries.

5 tn Heb “it was told to Judah, saying.”

6 tn Or “has been sexually promiscuous.” The verb may refer here to loose or promiscuous activity, not necessarily prostitution.

7 tn Heb “and also look, she is with child by prostitution.”

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