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GREEK: 4532 salem Salem
HEBREW: 8004 Mlv Shalem
NAVE: Salem
EBD: Salem
Salamis | Salasadai | Salcah | Sale | Salecah | Salem | Salemas | Salim | Salimoth | Sallumus | Salmai


In Bible versions:

the city of Jerusalem
a town where Melchizedek lived

complete or perfect peace ( --> same as Shalem)
NETBible Maps: Map10 B3 ; Map5 A4 ; Map6 F3 ; Map7 E2 ; Map8 F2 ; OT1 C4 ; OT2 C6 ; OT4 C6 ; OT5 C6 ; OT6 C4 ; JP1 F4 ; JP2 F4 ; JP3 F4 ; JP4 F4
Google Maps: Salem (31° 46´, 35° 14´)


Strongs #4532: salem Salem

Salem = "peace"

1) the place where Melchizedek was king and thought to be the ancient
name of Jerusalem

4532 Salem sal-ame'

of Hebrew origin (8004); Salem (i.e. Shalem), a place in
see HEBREW for 08004


Strongs #08004: Mlv Shalem

Salem = "peace"

1) the place of which Melchizedek was king
1a) most Jewish commentators affirm that it is the same as Jerusalem

8004 Shalem shaw-lame'

the same as 8003; peaceful; Shalem, an early name of
see HEBREW for 08003

Salem [EBD]

peace, commonly supposed to be another name of Jerusalem (Gen. 14:18; Ps. 76:2; Heb. 7:1, 2).

Salem [NAVE]

See: Jerusalem.


  1. The place of which Melchizedek was king. (Genesis 14:18; Hebrews 7:1,2) No satisfactory identification of it is perhaps possible. Two main opinions have been current from the earliest ages of interpretation: (1). That of the Jewish commentators, who affirm that Salem is Jerusalem, on the ground that Jerusalem is so called in (Psalms 76:2) Nearly all Jewish commentators hold this opinion. (2). Jerome, however, states that the Salem of Melchizedek was not Jerusalem, but a town eight Roman miles south of Scythopolis, and gives its then name as Salumias, and identifies it with Salem, where John baptized.
  2. (Psalms 76:2) it is agreed on all hands that Salem is here employed for Jerusalem.


SALEM (1) - sa'-lem (shalem; Salem): The name of the city of which Melchizedek was king (Gen 14:18; Heb 7:1,2; compare Ps 76:2).

1. Identification and Meaning:

To all appearance it lay near "the Vale of Shaveh," described as "the King's Vale." The general opinion among the Jews was that Salem was the same as Jerusalem, as stated by Josephus (Ant., I, x, 2), who adds (VII, iii, 2) that it was known as Solyma (Saluma, variants, according to Whiston, Salem and Hierosolyma) in the time of Abraham. It was also reported that the city and its temple were called Solyma by Homer, and he adds that the name in Hebrew means "security." This identification with Jerusalem was accepted by Onkelos and all the Targums, as well as by the early Christians. The Samaritans have always identified Salem with Salim, East of Nablus, but Jewish and Christian tradition is more likely to be correct, supported, as it is, by Ps 76:2.

2. Testimony of Tell el-Amarna Tablets:

The testimony of the Tell el-Amarna Letters is apparently negative. Knudtzon's number 287 mentions "the land" and "the lands of Urusalim," twice with the prefix for "city"; number 289 likewise has this prefix twice; and number 290 refers to "the city" or "a city of the land Urusalim called Bit-Ninip" Tablets (Beth-Anusat (?)). As there is no prefix of any kind before the element salim, it is not probable that this is the name of either a man (the city's founder) or a god (like the Assyrian Sulmanu). The form in Sennacherib's inscriptions (compare Taylor Cylinder, III, 50), Ursalimmu, gives the whole as a single word in the nominative, the double "m" implying that the "i" was long. As the Assyrians pronounced "s" as "sh", it is likely that the Urusalimites did the same, hence, the Hebrew yerushalaim, with "sh".


T. G. Pinches


SALEM (2) - (Salamos; the King James Version Salum): An ancestor of Ezra (1 Esdras 8:1) = "Shallum" in Ezr 7:2 = "Salemas" in 2 Esdras 1:1.

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