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NAVE: Pleasure
Platter | Play | Plead | Pleading | Pleasing Aroma | Pleasure | Pledge | Pledge To Be Married | Pleiades | Pleroma | Plough


Pleasure [NAVE]

Job 20:12-16; Job 21:12, 13; Prov. 9:17; Prov. 15:21; Prov. 21:17; Eccl. 1:17; Eccl. 2:1-13; Isa. 5:11, 12; Isa. 22:12, 13; Isa. 47:8, 9; Amos 6:1; Luke 8:14; Rom. 1:32; 2 Thess. 2:12; 1 Tim. 5:6; 2 Tim. 3:4; Tit. 3:3; Heb. 11:25, 26; 2 Pet. 2:13 See: Happiness; Joy; Worldliness; Amusements and Worldly Pleasures.


PLEASURE - plezh'-ur (chephets, ratson; eudokia, hedone: "Pleasure" is the translation of various Hebrew words, chiefly of chephets, "inclination," hence, "pleasure," "delight" (Job 21:21, "What pleasure hath he in his house?" the American Standard Revised Version "what careth he for"; 22:3, "Is it any pleasure to the Almighty?"; Ps 111:2; Eccl 5:4; 12:1; in Isa 44:28; 46:10; 48:14; 53:10, it has the sense of will or purpose, "He shall perform all my pleasure," etc.); of ratson, "delight," "acceptance," "good will" (Ezr 10:11; Neh 9:37; Est 1:8; Ps 51:18; 103:21, etc.); nephesh, "soul," "desire" is translated "pleasure" (Dt 23:24; Ps 105:22; Jer 34:16).

In the New Testament "pleasure" is the translation of eudokia, "good thought or will," "good pleasure" (Lk 2:14 the Revised Version margin; Eph 1:5,9; Phil 2:13; 2 Thess 1:11 the Revised Version (British and American) "every desire of goodness," margin "Greek: `good pleasure of goodness.' Compare Rom 10:1").

"To take pleasure or to have pleasure" is eudokeo (2 Cor 12:10; 2 Thess 2:12; Heb 10:6,8,38); eudokeo is once translated "good pleasure" (Lk 12:32, "It is your father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom"); the neuter participle of dokeo, "to think," etc.--meaning "it seems good to me"--to dokoun, is translated "pleasure" (Heb 12:10, "after their pleasure," the Revised Version (British and American) "as seemed good to them"); hedone, "sweetness," "pleasure," occurs in Lk 8:14; Tit 3:3; 2 Pet 2:13 (referring to the lower pleasures of life); thelema, "wish," "will" (Rev 4:11, the Revised Version (British and American) "because of thy will"); charis, "favor" (Acts 24:27; 25:9, the Revised Version (British and American) "favor"); spatalao "to live voluptuously" (1 Tim 5:6, the Revised Version (British and American) "she that giveth herself to pleasure"); suneudokeo, "to think well with," "to take pleasure with others" (Rom 1:32, the Revised Version (British and American) "consent with"); truphao, "to live luxuriously" (Jas 5:5, the Revised Version (British and American) "lived delicately").

The verb "to pleasure" occurs in 2 Macc 2:27 as the translation of eucharistia, the Revised Version (British and American) "gratitude"; 12:11, ophelesein, the Revised Version (British and American) "to help."

W. L. Walker

Also see definition of "Pleasure" in Word Study

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