Elder In The Old Testament
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In Bible versions:
a son of Eliud; the father of Matthan; an ancestor of Jesus.
a chief priest; son of Aaron
son of Abinadab; caretaker of the Ark at Kiriath-Jearim
son of Dodo the Ahohite; one of David's military elite
son of Mahli the Levite
a priest who participated in the dedication of the wall
a priest under Ezra; son of Phinehas
a layman of the Parosh clan who put away his heathen wife
help of God, court of God
Eleazar = "help of God"
1) one of the ancestors of Christ
1648 Eleazar el-eh-ad'-zar
of Hebrew origin (499); Eleazar, an Israelite:-Eleazar.
see HEBREW for 0499
Eleazar = "God has helped"
1) the high priest son of Aaron
2) Abinadab's son who cared for the ark
3) the priest who rebuilt and dedicated the restored walls of
Jerusalem in time of Ezra
4) one of David's mighty warriors
5) a Levite
6) one of the line of Parosh
499 'El`azar el-aw-zawr'
from 410 and 5826; God (is) helper; Elazar, the name of seven
see HEBREW for 0410
see HEBREW for 05826
God has helped. (1.) The third son of Aaron (Ex. 6:23). His wife, a daughter of Putiel, bore him Phinehas (Ex. 6:25). After the death of Nadab and Abihu (Lev. 10:12; Num. 3:4) he was appointed to the charge of the sanctuary (Num. 3:32). On Mount Hor he was clothed with the sacred vestments, which Moses took from off his brother Aaron and put upon him as successor to his father in the high priest's office, which he held for more than twenty years (Num. 20:25-29). He took part with Moses in numbering the people (26:3, 4), and assisted at the inauguration of Joshua. He assisted in the distribution of the land after the conquest (Josh. 14:1). The high-priesthood remained in his family till the time of Eli, into whose family it passed, till it was restored to the family of Eleazar in the person of Zadok (1 Sam. 2:35; comp. 1 Kings 2:27). "And Eleazar the son of Aaron died; and they buried him in a hill that pertained to Phinehas his son" (Josh. 24:33). The word here rendered "hill" is Gibeah, the name of several towns in Palestine which were generally on or near a hill. The words may be more suitably rendered, "They buried him in Gibeah of Phinehas", i.e., in the city of Phinehas, which has been identified, in accordance with Jewish and Samaritan traditions, with Kefr Ghuweirah='Awertah, about 7 miles north of Shiloh, and a few miles south-east of Nablus. "His tomb is still shown there, overshadowed by venerable terebinths." Others, however, have identified it with the village of Gaba or Gebena of Eusebius, the modern Khurbet Jibia, 5 miles north of Guphna towards Nablus.
(2.) An inhabitant of Kirjath-jearim who was "sanctified" to take charge of the ark, although not allowed to touch it, while it remained in the house of his father Abinadab (1 Sam. 7:1, 2; comp. Num. 3:31; 4:15).
(3.) The son of Dodo the Ahohite, of the tribe of Benjamin, one of the three most eminent of David's thirty-seven heroes (1 Chr. 11:12) who broke through the Philistine host and brought him water from the well of Bethlehem (2 Sam. 23:9, 16).
(4.) A son of Phinehas associated with the priests in taking charge of the sacred vessels brought back to Jerusalem after the Exile (Ezra 8:33).
(5.) A Levite of the family of Merari (1 Chr. 23:21, 22).
1. Son of Aaron, Ex. 6:23
Married a daughter of Putiel, who bore him Phinehas, Ex. 6:25
After the death of Nadab and Abihu is made chief of the tribe of Levi, Num. 3:32
Duties of, Num. 4:16
Succeeds Aaron as high priest, Num. 20:26
; Deut. 10:6
Assists Moses in the census, Num. 26:63
With Joshua, divides Palestine, Num. 34:17
Death and burial of, Josh. 24:33
Descendants of, 1 Chr. 24:1-19
2. An inhabitant of Kirjath-jearim who attended the ark, 1 Sam. 7:1
3. A Merarite Levite, 1 Chr. 23:21
4. Son of Dodo, and one of David's distinguished heroes, 2 Sam. 23:9
; 1 Chr. 11:12
5. Son of Phinehas, Ezra 8:33
; Neh. 12:42
6. A returned Israelite exile, Ezra 10:25
(help of God
- Third son of Aaron. After the death of Nadab and Abihu without children, (Leviticus 10:6; Numbers 3:4) Eleazar was appointed chief over the principal Levites. (Numbers 3:32) With his brother Ithamar he ministered as a priest during their father?s lifetime, and immediately before his death was invested on Mount Hor with the sacred garments, as the successor of Aaron in the office of high priest. (Numbers 20:28) (B.C. 1452.) One of his first duties was in conjunction with Moses to superintend the census of the people. (Numbers 26:3) After the conquest of Canaan by Joshua he took part in the distribution of the land. (Joshua 14:1) The time of his death is not mentioned in Scripture.
- The son of Abinadab, of the hill of Kirjath-jearim. (1Ã‚Â Samuel 7:1) (B.C. 1134.)
- One of the three principal mighty men of David?s army. (2Ã‚Â Samuel 23:9; 1Ã‚Â Chronicles 11:12) (B.C. 1046.)
- A Merarite Levite, son of Mahli and grandson of Merari. (1Ã‚Â Chronicles 23:21,22; 24:28)
- A priest who took part in the feast of dedication under Nehemiah. (Nehemiah 12:42) (B.C. 446.)
- One of the sons of Parosh, an Israelite (i.e. a layman) who had married a foreign wife. (Ezra 10:25)
- Son of Phinehas, a Levite. (Ezra 8:33)
- The son of Eliud, in the genealogy of Jesus Christ. (Matthew 1:15)
- el-e-a'-zar, e-le-a'-zar ('el-`azar; Eleazar, "God is helper"):
(1) The 3rd son of Aaron by Elisheba (Ex 6:23; Nu 3:2). He married one of the daughters of Putiel, who bore him Phinehas (Ex 6:25). With his father and 3 brothers he was consecrated to the priest's office (Ex 28:1). After the destruction of Nadab and Abihu, he occupied a more important position, and he and Ithamar "ministered in the priest's office in the presence of Aaron their father" (Lev 10:6 f; Nu 3:4; 1 Ch 24:2 ff). He was given the oversight of the Levites and had charge of the tabernacle and all within it (Nu 3:32; 4:16). To Eleazar fell the duty of beating out for an altar covering the censers of Korah and his fellow-conspirators who had attempted to seize the priesthood (Nu 16:37,39). On the death of Aaron, Eleazar succeeded him (Nu 20:25 ff). He assisted Moses with the census after the plague in the plains of Moab (Nu 26:1 ff), and with Moses and the elders heard the petition of the daughters of Zelophehad who wished to be served as heirs to their father (Nu 27:1 ff). After the entrance into Canaan, Eleazar and Joshua gave effect to the decision arrived at by giving the daughters of Zelophehad a share in the land of Manasseh (Josh 17:4). He was priest and adviser to Joshua, the successor of Moses (Nu 27:19; 31:12 ff), whom he also assisted in partitioning Canaan among the tribes (Nu 34:17; Josh 14:1; 19:51; 21:1). He was buried in the hill (the Revised Version, margin "Gibeah") of Phinehas his son in the hill country of Ephraim (Josh 24:33). For some reason unknown the descendants of Ithamar seem to have held the chief position among the priests from Eli till the accession of Solomon, when Abiathar was sent into retirement, and Zadok, the descendant of Eleazar, was appointed in his place (1 Ki 2:26 ff). Ezra was a descendant of Zadok (Ezr 7:1 ff); and the high priest's office was in the family of Zadok till the time of the Maccabees.
(2) The son of Abinadab, sanctified to keep the ark of Yahweh, when it was brought from Beth-shemesh to Kiriath-jearim after being sent back by the Philistines (1 Sam 7:1).
(3) The son of Dodai, one of David's three mighty men. A famous feat of arms with David at Ephes-dammim is recorded (2 Sam 23:9 f; 1 Ch 11:12 f where he is named the son of Dodo).
(4) A Levite, a son of Mahli, a Merarite. It is recorded that he had no sons, but daughters only, who were married to their cousins (1 Ch 23:21,22; 24:28).
(5) A priest who accompanied Ezra from Babylon (Ezr 8:33); the son of Phinehas. (5) and (6) may be identical.
(6) A priest who took part in the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem (Neh 12:42).
(7) A son of Mattathias and brother of Judas Maccabeus (1 Macc 2:5; 6:43 f; 2 Macc 8:23).
See ASMONEANS; MACCABEES.
(8, 9) Two others are mentioned in 1 Macc 8:17; 2 Macc 6:18 ff.
(10) An ancestor of Jesus, 3 generations before Joseph (Mt 1:15).
S. F. Hunter