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Beth Shan

In Bible versions:

Beth Shan: NET NIV
Beth Shean: NET
Beth-Shean: NET AVS TEV
Beth-Shan: AVS TEV
Beth-shan: NRSV NASB
Beth-shean: NRSV NASB
a town of Manasseh 5 km west of the Jordan & 25 km south of Lake Galilee

house of the tooth, or of ivory, or of sleep ( --> same as Bethshan)
NETBible Maps: Map1 G3 ; Map2 B2 ; Map3 F3 ; Map4 E2 ; Map5 E3 ; OT2 C4 ; OT4 C4
Google Maps: Beth-shan (32° 30´, 35° 30´); Beth-shean (32° 30´, 35° 30´)


Strongs #01052: Nav tyb Beyth Sh@'an or Nv tyb Beyth Shan

Beth-shean or Beth-Shan = "house of ease"

1) a place in Manasseh, west of the Jordan

1052 Beyth Sh'an bayth she-awn'

or Beyth Shan {bayth shawn'}; from 1004 and 7599; house of
ease; Beth-Shean or Beth-Shan, a place in Palestine:-Beth-
shean, Beth-Shan.
see HEBREW for 01004
see HEBREW for 07599

Beth-shean [EBD]

house of security or rest, a city which belonged to Manasseh (1 Chr. 7:29), on the west of Jordan. The bodies of Saul and his sons were fastened to its walls. In Solomon's time it gave its name to a district (1 Kings 4:12). The name is found in an abridged form, Bethshan, in 1 Sam. 31:10, 12 and 2 Sam. 21:12. It is on the road from Jerusalem to Damascus, about 5 miles from the Jordan, and 14 from the south end of the Lake of Gennesaret. After the Captivity it was called Scythopolis, i.e., "the city of the Scythians," who about B.C. 640 came down from the steppes of Southern Russia and settled in different places in Syria. It is now called Beisan.

Beth-shan [NAVE]

See: Beth-shean.

Beth-shean [NAVE]

A city of Manasseh, 1 Chr. 7:29; Josh. 17:11.
Not subdued, Judg. 1:27.
Bodies of Saul and his sons exposed in, 1 Sam. 31:10, 12.
Called Beth-shan, 1 Sam. 31:10, 12; 2 Sam. 21:12.
District of, under tribute to Solomon's commissariat, 1 Kin. 4:12.


BETH-SHEAN; BETH-SHAN - beth-she'-an, beth'-shan (beth-shan, or [beth-she'an]; in Apocrypha Baithsan or Bethsa): A city in the territory of Issachar assigned to Manasseh, out of which the Canaanites were not driven (Josh 17:11; Jdg 1:27); in the days of Israel's strength they were put to taskwork (Jdg 1:28). They doubtless were in league with the Philistines who after Israel's defeat on Gilboa exposed the bodies of Saul and his sons on the wall of the city (1 Sam 31:7 ff), whence they were rescued by the men of Jabesh , who remembered the earlier kindness of the king (1 Sam 31:7 ff; 2 Sam 21:12). In 1 Ki 4:12 the name applies to the district in which the city stands. It was called Scythopolis by the Greeks. This may be connected with the invasion of Palestine by the Scythians who, according to George Syncellus, "overran Palestine and took possession of Beisan." This may be the invasion noticed by Herodotus, circa 600 BC (i.104-6). Here Tryphon failed in his first attempt to take Jonathan by treachery (1 Macc 12:40). It fell to John Hyrcanus, but was taken from the Jews by Pompey. It was rebuilt by Gabinius (Ant., XIV, v, 3), and became an important member of the league of the "ten cities" (BJ, III, ix, 7). The impiousness of the inhabitants is painted in dark colors by Josephus (Vita, 6; BJ, II, xviii, 3); and the Mishna speaks of it as a center of idol worship (`Abhodhah Zarah, i.4). Later it was the seat of a bishop.

It is represented by the modern Beisan, in the throat of the Vale of Jezreel where it falls into the Jordan valley, on the southern side of the stream from `Ain Jalud. The ruins of the ancient city are found on the plain, and on the great mound where probably stood the citadel. Between the town and the stretch of marsh land to the South runs the old road from East to West up the Vale of Jezreel, uniting in Esdraelon with the great caravan road from North to South.

W. Ewing

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