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Genesis 50

The Burials of Jacob and Joseph

50:1 Then Joseph hugged his father’s face. 1  He wept over him and kissed him. 50:2 Joseph instructed the physicians in his service 2  to embalm his father, so the physicians embalmed Israel. 50:3 They took forty days, for that is the full time needed for embalming. 3  The Egyptians mourned 4  for him seventy days. 5 

50:4 When the days of mourning 6  had passed, Joseph said to Pharaoh’s royal court, 7  “If I have found favor in your sight, please say to Pharaoh, 8  50:5 ‘My father made me swear an oath. He said, 9  “I am about to die. Bury me 10  in my tomb that I dug for myself there in the land of Canaan.” Now let me go and bury my father; then I will return.’” 50:6 So Pharaoh said, “Go and bury your father, just as he made you swear to do.” 11 

50:7 So Joseph went up to bury his father; all Pharaoh’s officials went with him – the senior courtiers 12  of his household, all the senior officials of the land of Egypt, 50:8 all Joseph’s household, his brothers, and his father’s household. But they left their little children and their flocks and herds in the land of Goshen. 50:9 Chariots and horsemen also went up with him, so it was a very large entourage. 13 

50:10 When they came to the threshing floor of Atad 14  on the other side of the Jordan, they mourned there with very great and bitter sorrow. 15  There Joseph observed a seven day period of mourning for his father. 50:11 When the Canaanites who lived in the land saw them mourning at the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a very sad occasion 16  for the Egyptians.” That is why its name was called 17  Abel Mizraim, 18  which is beyond the Jordan.

50:12 So the sons of Jacob did for him just as he had instructed them. 50:13 His sons carried him to the land of Canaan and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, near Mamre. This is the field Abraham purchased as a burial plot from Ephron the Hittite. 50:14 After he buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, along with his brothers and all who had accompanied him to bury his father.

50:15 When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, they said, “What if Joseph bears a grudge and wants to repay 19  us in full 20  for all the harm 21  we did to him?” 50:16 So they sent word 22  to Joseph, saying, “Your father gave these instructions before he died: 50:17 ‘Tell Joseph this: Please forgive the sin of your brothers and the wrong they did when they treated you so badly.’ Now please forgive the sin of the servants of the God of your father.” When this message was reported to him, Joseph wept. 23  50:18 Then his brothers also came and threw themselves down before him; they said, “Here we are; we are your slaves.” 50:19 But Joseph answered them, “Don’t be afraid. Am 24  I in the place of God? 50:20 As for you, you meant to harm me, 25  but God intended it for a good purpose, so he could preserve the lives of many people, as you can see this day. 26  50:21 So now, don’t be afraid. I will provide for you and your little children.” Then he consoled them and spoke kindly 27  to them.

50:22 Joseph lived in Egypt, along with his father’s family. 28  Joseph lived 110 years. 50:23 Joseph saw the descendants of Ephraim to the third generation. 29  He also saw the children of Makir the son of Manasseh; they were given special inheritance rights by Joseph. 30 

50:24 Then Joseph said to his brothers, “I am about to die. But God will surely come to you 31  and lead you up from this land to the land he swore on oath to give 32  to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.” 50:25 Joseph made the sons of Israel swear an oath. He said, “God will surely come to you. Then you must carry my bones up from this place.” 50:26 So Joseph died at the age of 110. 33  After they embalmed him, his body 34  was placed in a coffin in Egypt.

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1 tn Heb “fell on.” The expression describes Joseph’s unrestrained sorrow over Jacob’s death; he probably threw himself across the body and embraced his father.

2 tn Heb “his servants the physicians.”

3 tn Heb “and forty days were fulfilled for him, for thus are fulfilled the days of embalming.”

4 tn Heb “wept.”

5 sn Seventy days. This probably refers to a time of national mourning.

6 tn Heb “weeping.”

7 tn Heb “the house of Pharaoh.”

8 tn Heb “in the ears of Pharaoh.”

9 tn Heb “saying.”

10 tn The imperfect verbal form here has the force of a command.

11 tn Heb “he made you swear on oath.”

12 tn Or “dignitaries”; Heb “elders.”

13 tn Heb “camp.”

14 sn The location of the threshing floor of Atad is not certain. The expression the other side of the Jordan could refer to the eastern or western bank, depending on one’s perspective. However, it is commonly used in the OT for Transjordan. This would suggest that the entourage came up the Jordan Valley and crossed into the land at Jericho, just as the Israelites would in the time of Joshua.

15 tn Heb “and they mourned there [with] very great and heavy mourning.” The cognate accusative, as well as the two adjectives and the adverb, emphasize the degree of their sorrow.

16 tn Heb “this is heavy mourning for Egypt.”

17 tn The verb has no expressed subject and so it may be translated as passive.

18 sn The name Abel Mizraim means “the mourning of Egypt.”

19 tn The imperfect tense could be a simple future; it could also have a desiderative nuance.

20 tn The infinitive absolute makes the statement emphatic, “repay in full.”

21 tn Or “evil.”

22 tn The verb means “command,” but they would hardly be commanding him. It probably means they sent their father’s instructions to Joseph.

23 tn Heb “and Joseph wept when they spoke to him.”

24 tn Heb “For am I.”

25 tn Heb “you devised against me evil.”

26 tn Heb “God devised it for good in order to do, like this day, to preserve alive a great nation.”

27 tn Heb “spoke to their heart.”

28 tn Heb “he and the house of his father.”

29 tn Heb “saw Ephraim, the children of the third.”

30 tn Heb “they were born on the knees of Joseph.” This expression implies their adoption by Joseph, which meant that they received an inheritance from him.

31 tn The verb פָּקַד (paqad) means “to visit,” i.e., to intervene for blessing or cursing; here Joseph announces that God would come to fulfill the promises by delivering them from Egypt. The statement is emphasized by the use of the infinitive absolute with the verb: “God will surely visit you.”

32 tn The words “to give” are supplied in the translation for clarity and for stylistic reasons.

33 tn Heb “son of a hundred and ten years.”

34 tn Heb “he.”

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