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1 Chronicles 14

David’s Prestige Grows

14:1 King Hiram of Tyre 1  sent messengers to David, along with cedar logs, stonemasons, 2  and carpenters to build a palace for him. 14:2 David realized that the Lord had established him as king over Israel and that he had elevated 3  his kingdom for the sake of his people Israel.

14:3 In Jerusalem 4  David married 5  more wives and fathered more sons and daughters. 14:4 These are the names of children born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua, Shobab, Nathan, Solomon, 14:5 Ibhar, Elishua, Elpelet, 14:6 Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, 14:7 Elishama, Beeliada, 6  and Eliphelet.

14:8 When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed 7  king of all Israel, all the Philistines marched up to confront him. 8  When David heard about it, he marched out against 9  them. 14:9 Now the Philistines had come and raided 10  the Valley of Rephaim. 14:10 David asked God, “Should I march up against the Philistines? Will you hand them over to me?” The Lord said to him, “March up! I will hand them over to you!” 14:11 So they marched against Baal Perazim and David defeated them there. David said, “Using me as his instrument, 11  God has burst out against my enemies like water bursts out.” So that place is called Baal Perazim. 12  14:12 The Philistines left 13  their idols 14  there, so David ordered that they be burned.

14:13 The Philistines again raided the valley. 14:14 So David again asked God what he should do. 15  This time 16  God told him, “Don’t march up after them; circle around them and come against them in front of the trees. 17  14:15 When you hear the sound of marching in the tops of the trees, then attack. 18  For at that moment the Lord is going before you to strike down the army 19  of the Philistines.” 14:16 David did just as God commanded him, and they struck down the Philistine army from Gibeon to Gezer.

14:17 So David became famous 20  in all the lands; the Lord caused all the nations to fear him. 21 

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1 map For location see Map1 A2; Map2 G2; Map4 A1; JP3 F3; JP4 F3.

2 tn Heb “craftsman of a wall,” that is, masons skilled at building stone walls.

3 tn Heb “was lifted upwards.”

4 map For location see Map5 B1; Map6 F3; Map7 E2; Map8 F2; Map10 B3; JP1 F4; JP2 F4; JP3 F4; JP4 F4.

5 tn Heb “took.”

6 tn In 1 Chr 3:8 and 2 Sam 5:16 this name appears as “Eliada.” The form here represents a variant spelling of the name.

7 tn Or “designated”; NCV “had been made king”; CEV “had become king.”

8 tn Heb “to seek David.”

9 tn Heb “went out before.”

10 tn Heb “stripped.”

11 tn Heb “by my hand.”

12 sn The name Baal Perazim means “Lord of outbursts” in Hebrew.

13 tn Heb “abandoned.”

14 tn Heb “gods.”

15 tn Heb “and David again asked God.”

16 tn The words “this time” are not in the Hebrew text.

17 tn The Hebrew word translated “trees” is defined by HALOT 129 s.v. בָּכָא as “shrubs.” Some translate “balsam trees” (see BDB 113 s.v. בָּכָא), cf. NASB, NIV, NRSV, NLT.

18 tn Heb “go out in battle.”

19 tn Heb “camp.”

20 tn Heb “the name of David went out.”

21 tn Heb “and the Lord placed fear of him upon all the nations.”

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